Chandpur District

Thana & Upazila :

Chandpur | Faridganj | Haimchar | Hajiganj | Kachua | Matlab | Shahrasti |

Map :

Chandpur | Faridganj | Haimchar | Hajiganj | Kachua | Matlab | Shahrasti |

Location: Chandpur District (Chittagong division) is surrounded by Munshiganj and Comilla districts on the north, Laksmipur and Barisal districts on the south, Comilla district on the east,Meghna river, Shariatpur and Munshiganj districts on the west.

Area: 1704.06 sq km

River & Beel: River erosion is a common feature in this district. The Padma and the Meghna meet near Chandpur Town and take a vast expanse. Main tributaries of the Meghna are Dakatia, Dhanagada, Matlab and Udhamdi. Ghorgaon Jala is a beel. 

Temperature: Annual average temperature-maximum 34.3?C, minimum 12.7?C; annual average rainfall 2551 mm. 

Chandpur Town: It stands on the bank of the Meghna. Its area is 7.77 sq km.   It consists of 15 wards and 75 mahallas. The town has a population of 94821; male 50.77%, female 49.23%. Literacy rate among the town people is 56.4%.Chandpur Municipality was established in 1897. In the map of Greater Bengal by James Renel Chandpur has been exactly indicated along with Tripura. JN Sengupta thinks that Chandpur was named after zamindar Chand Ray of Bikrampur. Some people think that it was named after darvish Chand Fakir of village Koralia adjacent to the town. Again, some people think that it was named after Chand Sawdagar of the Maimansingha Gita who used to come to this port for trade with his Swapta Dinga "Madhukar". During the first part of the twentieth century some European and Indian business firms established several jute mills here. But with the partition of Indian sub continent in 1947 most of these business establishments were closed down. This port was an important centre for jute and grain trades. Besides, many other trades on ship building, salt refinery, fishing net making and oil production are present in this port. However, some parts of the town have submerged into riverbed due to erosion and the Puran (old) Bazar is now under threat of river erosion. Since 1973 Tk 35 crores have been spent to build town protection dam with blocks.

Administration: Chandpur sub-division was established in 1878 and was included in Tripura district. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 6 municipalities, 60 wards, 195 mahallas, 7 upazilas, 1 thana, 87 union parishads and 1226 villages. 

Upazila: The municipalities are Chandpur Sadar, Shahrasti, Matlab, Changer Char and Hajiganj and the upazilas are Chandpur Sadar, Hajiganj, Kachua, Faridganj, Matlab,Haimchar, and Sharasti.. 

Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Rasti Shah Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Suja Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kalimandir at Matlab, Math at Lohagara, Math at Naorai, Math at Tultuli (Kachua), Raths at Sachar and Matlab, Pata of Behula at Ujani, ramnants of the fort at Nasir Court, Kali Bari at Meher, Neelkuthi at Shahebganj, Baraduara at Kasimbazar, Kalibari Mandir (1878) at Chandpur Sadar.

Marks of War of Liberation: Memorial monument "Aungikar", Amra tomader bhulbana (we shall never forget you) at Faridganj, "Dipta Bangladesh" at Matlab and Chandrakandi memorial monument (Sadullahpur, Matlab); mass killing site: Raghunathpur Bazar (Hajiganj), Hamidia Jute Mils Compound, North and south Ray Sree; mass grave: Nasircourt (Hajiganj). 

Population: 2210162; male 48.67%, female 51.33%; Muslim 92.55%, Hindu 7.18%, Buddhist 0.06%, Christian 0.07% and others 0.14%.

Religious institutions: Mosque 2852, temple 286, Church 2, most noted religious institutions are Begum Mosque, Puran Bazar Mosque, Shah Suja Mosque, Firoz Khan Mosque, Pasha Ghazi Mosque, Palgiri Mosque, Madakhan Mosque, Rasti Shah Dargah, Akra of Lakhinarayan Jeor, Chandpur Kalibari, Ajachak Asram, Kundubari Durga Mandir, Ramkrishna Mission, Harisava, New Zealand Baptist Missionaries, Meher Kali Bari. 

Literacy: Institutions Average literacy 37.8%; male 42.7%, female 33%. 

Educational institutions: University college 1, government college 2, non-government college 36, primary teacher's training institute 1, government high school 6, non-government high school 224, madrasa 1157, government primary school 786, non-government primary school 684, mass education school 76, BRAC school 28, community school 61, satellite school 37, kindergarten school 11, government deaf and dump school 1. 

Newspaper: Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Chandpur Kantha, Chandpur Darpan; Weekly Chandpur Sangbad, Weekly Chandpur Sangbad, Weekly Rupasi, Weekly Dibachitra, Weekly Hajiganj; extinct- Nababanga (1947), Alo (1947), Weekly Annagram (1960), Bharat Hitashi, Rakta Palash, Raktim Surya and Mohana.

Cultural organisations: Club 460, public library 9, cinema hall 12, theatre group 14, literary society 5, park 2, youth organisation 45, cooperative society 3129, voluntary organisation 451 and women's organisation 15. 

Occupation: Main occupations Agriculture 35.13%, fishing 3.03%, agricultural labour 20.04%, wage labourer 3.15%, commerce 12%, transport 2.24%, construction 1.64%, service 11.68%, others 11.09%. 

Land use: Total land 167009 hectares, cultivable land 112210 hectares; fallow land 48311 hectares; single crop 15.03%, double crop 59.93% and treble crop 25.04%; land under irrigation 60921 hectares. 

Land control Among the peasants 22% are landless, 27% marginal, 39% small, 10% intermediate and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Crops: Main crops Paddy, jute, mustard seed, supari (nut), wheat, potato and sugarcane. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, kaun and china, local variety of rice, varieties of dal (pulse). 

Fruits: Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava. 

Fisheries, dairies, and poultry's: Poultry 331, dairy 92, fishery 4076 and hatchery 113. 

Communication facilities: Roads pucca 215 km, semi pucca 91 km and mud road 1407 km; railways: 50 km; waterways: 190 nautical mile. 

Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Mill & Factory: Manufactories Jute mills 11, rice and flour mill 185, ice factory 14, cold storage 4, chemical industries 1, iron work 3, aluminum product 1, match factory 2. 

Cottage Industries: Cottage industries include weaving, shital pati, potteries, bamboo and cane work, fishing net making, blacksmith, tailoring, goldsmith. 

Hats, bazars and fairs: Total number of hats and bazars are 213, most noted of which are Puran Bazar, Natun Bazar, Baburhat, Kachua, Faridganj, Fatehpur, Suchipara, Begum Bazar, Hajiganj, Warukh, Matlab, Shahtali, Satnal; noted fairs are Austami Snan Mela (Chandpur), Meher Kali Mela (Shahrasti), Paush Samkranti Mela, Bijoy Mela, Asutami Mela (Aliganj, Hajiganj), Beltali Mela (Matlab) and Boi (book) Mela. 

Main Exports: Hilsa fish, shrimp, betel nut and potato. 

NGO activities: NGOs are Brac, Asa, Care, Grameen Bank, CARE, Autta Nibedita, Aman, DPHE, BAVS, VOSD, Save Our Life. 

Health Centres: Zila Sadar hospital 1, Charitable dispensary 1, upazila health complex 7, satellite clinic 20, health and family welfare centre 76, maternity centre 3, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, red crescent hospital 1, tuberculosis hospital 1, private clinic 6, railway hospital 1