Thana & Upazila :
Alamdanga | Chuadanga | Damurhuda | Jibannagar |
Alamdanga | Chuadanga | Damurhuda | Jibannagar |
Location: Chuadanga District (Khulna division) is surrounded by Kushtia district on the northeast, Meherpur district on the northwest, Jhenaidah district on the south and southeast, Nadia district of West Bengal of India on the southwest.
Area: 1157.42 sq km
Temperature: Annual average temperature maximum 37.1?C, minimum 11.2?C; annual rainfall 1467 mm.
Rivers: Chaudanga region is within the Gangetic delta.Main rivers are Mathabhanga, Bhairab Kumar , Chitra, and Nabaganga.
Chuadanga Town: It stands on the bank of the river Mathabhanga. It consists of 9 wards and 41 mahallas. It is a municipal town, though established in 1960, it started functioning in 1965. The town has an area of 36.12 sq km. It has a population of 72081; male 50.13%, female 49.87%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48%.
Administration: Chuadanga sub-division was within Nadia district before the Partition. In 1947, excepting Krishnagar thana, the whole territory of Chuadanga sub-division was included in Kushtia district. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 93 mahallas, 4 upazilas, 31 union parishads, 421 mouzas and 514 villages.
Upazila:The upazilas are Chudanga Sadar, Alamdanga, Damurhuda, Jibannagar .
Municipalities: Chuadanga Sadar, Alamdanga, Damurhuda and Jibannagar
Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Three domed Chuadanga Bara Mosque, Gholdari Mosque (1006 AD), Thakurpur Mosque, Shibnagar Mosque, Jamjami Mosque, Hazar Duari School (Damurhuda), Karpasdanga Neelkuthi, Gholdari Neelkuthi.
Historical events: It is supposed from the records of the Greek historians and geographical formations that this region was a part of the kingdom of Gangaridhi and there was a city called Gangey here. From the beginning of the British rule the people of Chuadanga participated in many uprisings and democratic movements. Their contributions to uprisings and movements including the WahabiMovement (1831), Faraizi Movement (1838-47), Sepoy Revolt (1857), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Khilafat Movement (1920), Swadeshi Movement (1906), Non Co-operation , Violation of Law and Satyagraha Movements (1920-40), Quit India Movement or August Revolt (1942) and Freedom Movement are notable. During the War of Liberation in 1971 early resistance was put up in Chuadanga. During the War of Liberation more than one hundred direct encounters were held between the Pak army and the Freedom Fighters in Chuadanga district.
Marks of the War of Liberation: Mass killing site: a spot behind the Chuadanga Sadar Hospital; mass grave: 3, places on the back of the Natudaha High School, at village Dhopakhali near the Jibannagar border and on the bank of GK Canal near Alamdanga Railway Station; memorial monument 2.
Population: 987382; male 50.82%, female 49.18%; Muslim 96.73%, Hindu 2.96%, Christian 0.02% and others 0.29%.
Religious institutions: Mosque 448, temple 18, church 4, tomb 18.
Literacy: Institutions Average literacy 25.2%; male 30.5% and female 19.6%.
Educational institutions: College 12, high school 48, junior high school 7, government primary school 257, non-government primary school 120, primary training institute 1, vocational training institute 1, nursing institute 1, madrasa 63, kindergarten school 3. Noted old educational institutions: Victoria Jubilee Government High School (1880), Alamdanga High School (1914), Natudaha High School (1906), Jibannagar Pilot High School (1957), Hazar Duari School.
Newspaper: Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Pratham Rajdhani, Weekly Chaudanga Darpan, Weekly Chaudanga Samachar and Weekly Din Badaler Kagaj.
Cultural Organisations: Club 81, press club 2, public library 4, cinema hall 15, theatre group 27, theatre stage 2, women's organisation 4, literary society 1, stadium 1, auditorium 4.
Occupation: Main occupations Agriculture 40.33%, agricultural labourer 28.08%, wage labourer 2.69%, commerce 12.69%, service 6.08%, transport 1.91% and others 8.22%.
Land use: Total cultivable land 89420 hectares; fallow land 253.74 hectares; single crop 14.80%, double crop 73.35% and treble crop 11.85%; cultivable land under irrigation 57%.
Land control Among the peasants 37% are landless, 43% small, 18% intermediate and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.11 hectare.Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 8000 per 0.01 hectare.
Crops: Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, sugarcane, brinjal, onion, garlic, pulses, betel leaf and pumpkin.Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, tobacco, mustard seed, sola, aus paddy and indigo.
Main fruits: Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, guava, betel nut, coconut and banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries: Poultry 85, fishery 18, dairy 18 and hatchery 2.
Communication facilities: Roads pucca 203 km, semi pucca 211 km and mud road 1322 km; railways 51.42 km; railway station 3.
Traditional transport palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), and boat.
Mill & Factory: Manufactories Cotton mills, sugar mill, bread and biscuit factory, spinning mills, textile mills, aluminium factory, pharmaceuticals, rice mill, chira mill, oil mill, flour mill, ice factory, saw mill and welding.
Cottage industries: Weaving, bamboo work, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring.
Hats, bazars and fairs: Total number of hats and bazars are 80, most noted of which are Chuadanga, Alamdanga, Munshiganj, Gokulkhali, Dugdugi, Jibannagar, Shialmari, Damurhuda, Bhalaipur and Bara Bazar; fair 5, Dingedaha Merete Mela, Baruni and Gangapuja Melas are notable.
Main exports: Paddy, jute, biscuit, sugar, tobacco, sugarcane, date molasses, betel nut, betel leaf, mango, jackfruit and banana.
NGO activities: NGOs are Brac, Grameen Bank, Proshika, Caritas, Janakalayan, Palli Unnayan Sangstha, Pratyasha, Srijani, Jagarani Chakra, WAVE, Usha.
Health centres: Zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 4, family planning centre 29, satellite clinic 3, TB hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, eye hospital 1, maternity and child care centre 1, infectious diseases hospital 1.