Thana & Upazila :
Bauphal | Dashmina | Galachipa | Kalapara | Mirzaganj | Patuakhali Sadar |
Bauphal | Dashmina | Galachipa | Kalapara | Mirzaganj | Patuakhali Sadar |
Backround: The area constituting Patuakhali district had been included within the ancient kingdom of Chandradvipa. Kachua under Baufal upazila had once been the capital of the kingdom. Due to natural calamities on the coastal areas and the frequent Partuguese and Magh raids the capital was transferred to Madhabpasha in Barisal. Raja Todarmal, Revenue minister of Emperor Akbar, sent a kanungo Jimmak Khan to Chandradvipa in 1599 to survey the area. The forest area of Chandradvipa was separated from Chandradvipa and marked as 'bazuha` or protected region. Three parganas such as Selimabad, Buzurg Umedpur and Aurangpur were then constituted in this region. In the last quarter of the eighteenth century huge number of Buddhist Rakhains of Arakan escaped the atrocities of the Burmese king to this district and settled at Rangabali Island of Galachipa upazila, Khepupara and Kuakata in Kalapara upazila. Since then human settlement began to grow in this region.
Location: Patuakhali District (Barisal division) is surrounded by Barisal district on the north, the Bay of Bengal on the south, Bhola district on the east, Barguna district on the west. The area of the district is composed of some small chars or islands.
Area: 3204.58 sq km.
Temperature: Maximum temperature 33.3?C and minimum 12.1?C; annual rainfall 2506 mm.
Rivers: Main rivers are the Andharmanik, Agunmukha, Payra, Lohalia, Patuakhali and Tentulia. The region having been close to the sea, frequently falls victim to tornado and tidal bore.
Patuakhali Town: Its consists of 9 wards and 29 mahallas. The area of the town is 5.81 sq km. It has a population of 62439; male 53.68%, female 46.32%. The density of population is 10747 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 61.6%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration: Patuakhali, a subdivision of the then Bakerganj district, was elevated to a district in 1969. It consists of 6 upazilas, 3 municipalties, 27 wards, 61 mahallas, 67 union parishads, 566 mouzas and 882 villages.
Upazila & Municipalities:The upazilas are Bauphal, Dashmina, Galachipa, Kalapara,Mirzaganj andPatuakhali Sadr.
Archaeological heritage: Sutabaria Dayamayee Mandir (1208 BS), Gurinda Masjid at Ratandi, Sreerampur Mian Bari Mosque, Talukdar Bari Jami Mosque (Dashmina), Betagi Sikdaria Jami Mosque, Dighi of Kaviray-bari (Dashmina), Kuakata Buddist Vihara, Kapradanga Buddhist Math, Mistri-para Buddist Vihara (Kalapara), Mosque of Ghaseti Begum (1757) at village Shaula, Pakdal Mian Bari Masjid, Bauphal Central Kalibari Mandir (1875), Kachari (revenue office) of Rajendra Mahendra Babu and of Som at Daspara in Bauphal, Tomb of Syed Arefin at Kalisuri, Ashram of Mahendra Pagla, Dargah of Tamir at Kalaya, Mitha Pukur (pond) at Daspara, Kanai Balai dighi, Kamala Rani dighi at Kachua, Mosque of Munshi Amirullah, holy bathing place at Ponahura, Tomb of Sultan Fakir at Baufal, Dol Samudra dighi, Blackhole at Sikdar house of Madanpura, Rajapur wall and the grave of the horse and groom, Nurainpur Rajbari, Shahi Mosque at Masjidbaria of Mirzaganj.
Histocal Events: During the liberation war in 1971 three Pak army were killed in an encounter between the Pak army and the freedom fighters at village Panpatti in Galachipa upazila. On 8 May the Pak army raided the villages of Chikanikandi and Dakua, killed 29 villagers and sacked many houses and establishments. In a conflict between the local freedom fighters and the Pak army on the border of Mirzaganj 32 freedom fighters including a commander were killed while a considerable number of Pak army were either killed or wounded. A battle was fought between the Pak army and the freedom fighters on the Kumarkhali river near Kalisuri in Bauphal upazila. The Pak army killed 35 villagers by gunshot at Madanpura and Dhulia and racked many houses.Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave: inside the old jail compound, at southwestern side of the new jail and at Tulatali; memorial monument in front of the old Town Hall, memorial monument at the premises of Muktiyoddha Sangsad; proposed memorial monument at the premises of Chikanikandi High School and at Panpatti.
Population: 1444340; male 50.01%, female 49.99%; Muslim 91.45%, Hindu 8.39%, Buddhist 0.13%, Christian 0.03%; ethnic nationals: Rakhains 13300. Density of population per sq km is 397.
Religious institutions: Mosque 3707, temple 522, church 3, Buddhist vihara 28, pagoda 5, dargah 3, mazar 9, Hindu sacred place 1.
Literacy: Average literacy 36.4%; male 42.7%, female 30%. Educational institutions: college (government) 2, (non-government) 24, science and technology university 1, teacher's training college 2, high school (government) 2, (non-government) 225, junior high school 37, madrasa 300, primary school 1150, primary training institute 1, polytechnic institute 1, nursing institute 1, vocational training institute 3, community school 10, satellite school 15, kindergarten 4.
Newspapers and Periodicals: (Daily) Rupantar, Tentulia, Ganadabi, Sathi, Weekly Payra, fortnightly Metho Barta; defunct (weekly) Palliseba (1934), Gram Bangla, Khilafat, Pratinidhi, Janata, Avijatri, (fortnightly) Andhar-manik, Swadesh Darpan, Saikat, Priya Kagaz, monthly Chabuk, Patuakhali Samachar, Ek Mutho Suravi.
Cultural institutions: Club 195, organisation 110, co operative society 457, women's association 33, public library 11, press club 2, artist and theatre party 10, community centre 22, cinema hall 18.
Main occupations: Agriculture 45.84%, fishing 3.32%, commerce 9.94%, service 6.12%, agricultural labourer 16.72%, wage labourer 4.53%, construction 1.31%, others 12.22%.
Land Property: Land use Cultivable land 222899 hectares, fallow land 3694 hectares; single crop 59.02%, double crop 37% and triple crop land 3.98%. Cultivable land under irrigation 3.8%
Land control Among the peasants, 30% are landless, 24% small peasant, 41% intermediate and 5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.174 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Tk 5600 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops: Paddy, jute, potato, mug, lentil, khesari, gram, sesame, chilli, mustard, linseed, coriander seed, ground nut, betel leaf, sugarcane, watermelon, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Indigo, tobacco, kaun, china.
Main fruits: Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, guava, plum, lemon, coconut, betel nut, palm, wood nut, kaijou nut.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries: Fishery 144, shrimp 53, livestock 30, poultry 103, hatchery 2, fish nursery 1.
Communication facilities: Roads pucca and semi pucca 417 km and mud road 5341 km, waterways 224 nautical mile. Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct), country boat.
Manufactories: Textile mill 1, jute mill 1, ice mill 39, rice mill 380, saw mill 80, flour mill 6.
Cottage industries: include jute work, weaving, welding, workshop, carpentry, bamboo and cane work, mat making, goldsmith, blacksmith, pottery, tailoring, craftsmanship.
Hats, bazar and fairs: Hats and bazars are 230, fair 8. Main exports Fish, dry fish, pottery goods, cereals, hide.
NGO activities: NGOs are BRAC, PROSHIKA, ASA, CARITAS, CARE, CODEC, Terry-des-Homes, DANIDA, Urban, SAP Bangladesh,CIKODA, Solve, Sound, VOSD, CDS, SCI, BDC, RDS, ISWA, BAOPA, CEP, BARD, SNOB, PDO, CSDP, Yubak, Sangkalpa, CALB, Mauchak, Anirban, Mahila Sangstha, Adarsha Mahila Sangstha, Palli Seba Sangha.
Health centres: Zila health centre 1, hospital 4, NGO operated hospital and health centre 2, upazila health complex 6, satellite clinic 19, chest diseases clinic 1, mother and child care centre 1, child care centre 4, family health centre 1, family planning centre 40, private clinic 10, community clinic (proposed) 175.