Bagha Upazila (Rajshahi district) with an area of 184.25 sq km is surrounded by Charghat and Baghatipara upazilas on the north, Daulatpur upazila on the south, Lalpur and Bagatipara upazilas on the east, the West Bengal (India) along with the Ganges on the west.
Bagha (Town) now a municipality, stands on the bank of the river Padma and consists of 9 wards and 26 mahallas. The area of the town is 1.47 sq km. The town has a population of 22876; male 51.39%, female 48.61%. Literacy rate among the town people is 33.1%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Bagha thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of six union parishads, 98 mouzas, 101 villages.Archaeological heritage and relics Ten-domed Shahi Mosque (1523).
Historical events Alaipur village of Bhaga was the head quarter of Laskar Khan Jaigirdar during the sixteenth century. Hazrat Shah Dolah settled at Bagha and started preaching Islam. He also established a famous madrasa here.
Population 178763; male 51.48%, female 48.52%; Muslim 93.07%; Hindu 6.84%, others 0.09%; ethnic nationals Santal 68 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 325, temple 15, tomb 5, sacred place 2, most noted of which are Shahi Mosque, Mosque and tomb of Hazrat Shah Dolah.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.2%; male 32.1%, female 19.9%.
Educational institutions: college 9, secondary school 44, madrasa 59, government primary school 42, non-government primary school 26, satellite school 10.
Cultural organisations Club 19, library 6, women's organisation 1, playground 22, cooperative society 35.
Main occupations Agriculture 37.73%, agricultural labourer 29.9%, wage labourer 5.3%, commerce 14.33%, service 3.16%, others 9.58%.Land use Total cultivable land 16789.15 hectares, fallow land 2658.92 hectares; single crop 28%, double crop 60%, treble crop 12%; cultivable land under irrigation 20%.
Land control Among the peasants 35% are landless, 30% small, 24% intermediate, 11% rich; cultivable land per head 0.15 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately 7500 Taka per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugar cane, onion, garlic, peanut, turmeric, date molasses and mulberry tree. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, mustard, sweet potato, arahar, aus paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jack fruit, litchi and guava.Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 1, poultry 10.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 30 km, mud road 624 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Ice factory 2, rice mill 10, saw mill 2, printing press 1, welding 12.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 250, goldsmith 35, copper work 67, potteries 105, wood work 325, tailoring 325, cocoon produced by women labour.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 23, the most noted of which are Narayanpur, Arani, Monigram, Rustampur Hat; fairs; 2 the most noted of which Bagha Eid Mela. Main exports Jute, wheat, jackfruit, turmeric, cocoon and date molasses.
NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care ,ITCL, Samaj Unnayan Karmasangstha, Caritas, TMSS, Desh Unnayan, Prayas, Mehedi, Samata Nari Kalyan, Harirampur Destitute Mahila Samiti.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6.