Bahubal Upazila (Habiganj district) with an area of 250.66 sq km, is surrounded by Nabiganj upazila on the north, Chunarughat upazila on the south, Sreemangal upazila on the east and Habigang Sadar upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Korangi, Shwasanali, Yojnal, Kalishiri; haor 10; beel 68.
Bahbal (Town) consists of 2 mouzas with an area of 2.12 sq. km. The town has a population of 2560; male 53.09%, female 46.91%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48.3%. The town has one dukbanglow.
Administration Bahubal thana, now an upazila, was established in 1921. It consists of 7 union parishads, 145 mouzas, 325 villages.
Historical events Afghan king Khwaja Osman left Bukai Nagar Fort and established shelter at Putijuri on the foot of the Giripal. He established a fort here, which was very important for defence. But the Mughal took the advantage of it when his brother left the fort. Finally the Khwaja Osman's army was defeated at village Dhalamvapur of Maulvi Bazar district about 9/10 km on the east.
Religious institutions Mosque 197, temple 14, tomb 3, most noted of which are Bahubal Jami Mosque, Putijuri Jami Mosque.
Population 137402; male 50.58%, female 49.42%; Muslim 82.66%, Hindu 17%, Christian 0.25%, others 0.09%; ethnic nationals: khasia, Tipra and manipuri.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 23%; male 28.8%, female 17.1%.
Educational institutions: college 1, high school 7, government primary school 75, non-government primary school 22, madrasa 15.
Noted educational institutions: Dina Nath Institute (1937).
Cultural organisations Club 12, public library 2, playground 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.65%, agricultural
labourer 19.85%, wage labourer 6.61%, commerce 6.97%, service 3.62%,
Land use Total cultivable land 2367.38 hectares; fallow land 46.04 hectares; single crop 48.10%, double crop 39.51% and treble crop 12.3%; tea garden 3.
Land control Among the peasants 11.96% are landless, 39.62% marginal, 26.41% small, 17.6% intermediate and 4.41% rich.
Value of land The market value of land of the first grade is approximately 5000 Taka per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, tea, rubber, betel leaf, arum, oil seed and ground nut. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, sweet potato, jute.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, lemon, pineapple.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 8, poultry 58, dairy 26,.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 34 km, mud road 79 km; railways 10 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Goldsmiths 130, blacksmiths 215, potteries 185, weaving 30, welding 3.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 12 the most noted of which are Bahubal Bazar, Mirpur Bazar, Dubai Bazar, Putijuri Bazar; fair 3.
Main exports Paddy, tea, betel leaf, lemon and pineapple.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Caritas.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 2, and veteri .