Baliakandi Upazila (Rajbari district) with an area of 242.53 sq km, is surrounded by Pangsha upazila on the north and west, Madhukhali upazila on the south, Rajubari Sadar upazila on the east and Pangsha and Sherpur(Maghura district) upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Hara, Chandana, Garai, Pursali, Chatra. Srihar; Jasai Beel and Rajapur Cannel are notable.
Balikandi (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. It has an area of 6.2 sq km. It has a population of 6928; male 51.37%, female 48.63%. The density of population is 1117 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 40.2%. The town has 2 dakbungalows.
Administration Baliakandi thana was established in 1881 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 7 union parishads, 151 mouzas and 257 villages. Archeological heritage and relics Kalyandighi (Rajdharpur, excavated around 1465) and tomb of Mir Mosharraf Hossain (Padamdi Nababpur) Historical events Baliakandi was one of the major centres of Fakir-Sannyasi movement. Hashem Ali, a farmer of Sonapur village of the upazila led the indigo movement.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave at Baharpur and slaughter place at Ramdia.
Population 163191; male 51.45%, female 48.5%; Muslim 74.49%, Hindu 25.44% and others 0.07%.
Religious institutions Mosque 152, tomb 10 (including those of Shahpahlowan and Shah Shadullah), temple 113, cremation site 5 (including the great one at Baharampur) and sacred place 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.4%; male 33%, female 19.3%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 21, madrasa 5, government primary school 60, non-government school 28.
Noted educational institutions: Bakshabhangi Government Primary School (1894), Patra Government Primary School (1919).
Cultural organisations Sports club 10, playgrounds 8, press club 1, cinema hall 4, theatre stage 2, theatre group 5, library 9, educational, cultural and social welfare association 17, women's organisation 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 52.06%, agricultural labourer 22.32%, wage labourer 2.11%, transport 1.68%, fishing 1.33%, commerce 9.32%, service 3.87%, others 7.31%.
Land use cultivable land 17930 hectare; single crop 17%, double crop 65%, treble crop 18%.
Land under irrigation 38%. Land control Among the peasants 13% are landless, 25% marginal peasants, 31% small medium 24%, 7% rich; cultivable land per capita 0.2 hectare.
Value of Land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 2500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, sugarcane, oil seeds, pepper, catechu. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Cotton, jaffron.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 43, poultry 45, fishery 11, hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 69.74 km, semi pucca 20.49 km and mud road 352.44 km; railway 20 km, railway station 4; waterways 16 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and duli (extinct), horse carriage (nearly extinct).
Cottage industries Pottery, handloom, bamboo, cane works.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazaars 15.
Noted among them are Baharpur, Jamalpur, Sonapur and Baliakandi; noted fair is tribal community's Mela.
Main exports Jute, sugarcane, oil seeds, pepper, catechu.
NGO activities Brac, ASA, Proshika,BRDB, , ASSERD, Prova, Ankhi, Adarsha Jubo Sangha, Shova.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 6, family planning centre 3.