Barisal Sadar Upazila (Barisal district) with an area of 307.59 sq km, is surrounded by Babuganj, Muladi and Mehendiganj upazilas on the north, Bakerganj and Nalchity upazila on the south, Mehendiganj and Bhola Sadar upazilas on the east, Jhalokhati Sadar and Nalchity upazilas on the west.
Noted rivers are Tentulia, Arial Khan,Katcha andKirtankhola.
Barisal (Town) consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas. The area of the town is 16.37 sq km. Barisal municipality was established in 1957 and was turned into a City Corporation in 2000. It has a population of 202242; male 53.28%, female 46.72%. Literacy rate among the town people is 65%. The town has three dakbungalows.
Administration Barisal Sadar upazila consists of one city corporation, one municipality, 20 unions, 173 mouzas and 128 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Kalibari of MUKUNDADAS, Shankar Math.
Historical events The British police conducted lathi charge during the convention of the Bengal Provincial Assembly in 1906 in which many people were killed and wounded; after this incidence anti British movement spread over Bengal. The armed rebellion started in the region in 1912 with the construction of the Shankar Math. Barisal was liberated on 8 December 1971.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 1.
Population 414281; male 52.72%, female 47.28%; Muslim 90.64%; Hindu 8.38% and Christian 0.98%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 53.2%; male 57.9%, female 48.5%.
Educational institutions: university college 1, polytechnic institute 1, medical college 1, physical education college 1, teacher's training college 2, nursing institute 1, cadet college 1, government college 7, non-government college 7, government high school 2, non-government high school 55, junior school 7, government primary school 175, non-government primary school 133.
Noted educational institutions: B M COLLEGE (1889), Oxford Mission High School, Barisal Zila School.
Religious institutions Mosque 130, church 5, noted of which are Saiyed Unnesa Mosque (Jami Kasai), Oxford Mission Church.
Cultural organisations Public library 2, cinema hall 4, theatre group 3, jatra party 1, circus party 2, literary society 4, women's organisation 5, shilpakala academy1, playground 11, most noted of which are Barisal Public Library, ASWINI KUMAR TOWN HALL.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dailies: Shahnama, Probashi, Gram Samachar, Ajker Barta, Ajker Kantha; periodicals- weekly Lokabani, Bakerganj Parikrama, Chirantan Bangla, Upakul, weekly Paira, the River, Etibriti; extinct: Barisal Bartabaha (1870), Hitasadhini (1871), Banglar Ranjika (1873), Kashipur Nibasi (1881), Swadesh (1885), Bharat Hitoishi (1882), Barisal Hiroishi (1885), Bikash (1900), Sahayogi (1885), Praddip (1927).
Main occupations Agriculture 14.39%, agricultural labourer 11.09%, wage labourer 6.46%, commerce 20.43%, service 22.17%, fishing 2.43%, construction 1.94%, transport 4.44%, others 16.65%.
Land use Cultivable land 21903 hectares; single crop 36.06%, double crop 46.57% and treble crop land 17.37%.
Land control Among the peasants 29% are landless, 7.09% marginal, 32.82% small, 27% intermediate and 4.09% are rich; cultivable land per head 0.14 hectare.
Land value Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 45000 per 0.01 hectare. Main crops Paddy, wheat, oil seed, betel leaf. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, sugarcane, sesame.
Main fruits Coconut, banana, betel nut, amra. Dairies, poultries Poultry 150, dairy 2, hatchery 5.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 120 km, semi pucca 85 km; air port 1. Traditional transport Palanquin, Gaina boat, horse carriage, bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill 10, oil mill 3, ice factory 25, biscuit factory 5, pharmaceutical industry 2.
Cottage industries Spinning 18, goldsmith 200, blacksmith 32, potteries 4, wood work 25, tailoring 320, welding 25, bidi 2.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total hats and bazars are 8, most noted of which are Aratdari Hat and Chawkbazar. Main exports Fish, medicine, bidi and handicrafts.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Caritas , Proshika, BDS.
Health centres Medical college hospital 1, private hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, private clinic 6, private nursing home 8, chest diseases hospital 1.