Beanibazar Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 253.22 sq km is surrounded by Kanaighat and Zakiganj upazilas on the north, Barlekha on the south, Assam (India) and Zakiganj upaizila on the east and Golapganj upazila on the west.
The upazila has 12.01 km long international boundary with India.
Main rivers:Surma, Kusiyara and Sonai. Main canals: Kalauchi and Sada Khal; Haor 1; Jalmahal 43; total forest area 15.54 sq km; tilas (hillocks) 170.
Beanibazar (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. The town has an area of 7.28 sq km. It has a population of 14009; male 51.02%, female 48.98%; density of population is 1924 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 56.9%. The town has one rest house.
Administration Beanibazar thana was established in 1938 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 145 mouzas and 176 villages.
Archaeological heritage Basudeva Temole and Basudeva image (made of black basalt) at Supatala mouza, copperplate inscription and an elephant embossed stamp of the Kamarupa king Vaskar Barma, remnants of the palace of Tengra.
Historical events The region was once inhabited by the Kukis. During the war of Liberation a number of innocent people were killed by the Pak army behind the dakbungalow, Thana Compound and Shahid Tila.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site: backyard of the dakbungalow, Thana Compound, Shahid Tila and Sarpar Camp; mass grave at C&B road; after the war of liberation a memorial has been constructed here; this place is popularly known as Shahid Tila.
Population 181547; male 49.50%, female 50.50%; Muslim 95.66%, Hindu 4.31%, and others 0.03%.
Religious institutions Mosque 388, temple 19, sacred place 1 and tomb 7, noted of which are Patan Baghmara Jami Masjid, tomb of Golab Shah (Bashba) known as 'Imam Bari', Kali Mandir, Mahapravhu Bigraha Akhra (Jaldhup).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 61.3%; male 66.3%, female 56.3%.
Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 31, junior high school 2, primary school (government) 113, primary school (non-government) 19, satellite school 10, kindergarten 4, madrasa 45. Lautah High School (1871), Khasa Government Primary School (1895), Jaldhup Government Primary School (1909), Panchakanda Hargovinda High School (1917) are notable educational institutions.
Cultural organisations Voluntary social welfare organisation 56, public library 2, playground 15, community centre 1, press club 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 19.33%, fishing 4.52%, agricultural labourer 10.15%, wage labourer 8.6%, commerce 11.87%, transport 2.11%, construction 2.61%, service 5.04%, house renting out 14.57%, others 21.2%.
Land use Arable land 22783.08 hectares, fallow land 2244.03 hectares; single crop 64%, double crop 30% and triple crop 6%. Cultivable land under irrigation 476.73 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 10% are landless, 75% marginal, 12% intermediate and 3% rich; cultivable land per head 0.15 hectare. Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is about Tk 12500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, til (sesame), potato, cassia leaf. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Mustard, yam, sweet pumpkin, Tisi (linseed), Arhar (one kind of pulse), peanut are nearly extinct; Jaldubi (a special local variety) pineapple and pears are entirely extinct.
Main fruits Jackfruit, orange, litchi, guava, lemon, satkora, bhobi (latkan/latka), amloki (myrobalan), olive, kamranga (star-apple/ carambola), shaddock, haritaki (black myrobalan), defal (monkey jack), chalta (dillenia), betel nut, taikar, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 48, dairy 5, poultry 43.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 57 km, semi pucca 20 km and mud road 209 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Ice cream factory 21, rice mill 55, saw mill 25.
Cottage industries Bamboo works 10, goldsmith 50, blacksmith 40, potteries 10, wood works 94, tailoring 201, welding 41, wool knitting 5, leather works 1, pottery 1.
Mineral resources Gas field 2.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 38, most noted of which are Beanibazar, Mathiura (Vatar) Bazar, Bairagi Bazar, Thana Bazar at Jaldhup; fair 3 (Rath Jatrar Mela of Vasudev Bari, Baruni Mela and Deulgram Akhra Mela).
Main exports Orange, jackfruit, litchi, guava, cassia leaf, gas.
NGO activities Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Careand Symantik (local).
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, health and family planning centre 4, union health centre 5.