Bera Upazila (Pabna district) with an area of 248.60 sq km is surrounded by Shahjadpur and Chauhali upazilas on the north,Goalandaghat, Rajbari Sadar upazilas and the Ganges on the south, Chauhali, Daulatpur, Shivalaya upazilas and the Jamuna on the east, Sujanagar and Santhia upazilas on the west.
Main rivers: Jamuna and Ichamati.
Bera (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 24 mahallas. The area of the town is 18.28 sq km. The town has a population of 44270; male 52.02%, female 47.98%. Literacy rate among the town people is 32.9%. The town has one dakbungalow and one rest house.
Administration Mathura thana was established in 1828 and was transferred to Bera in 1927 after it got submerged by river erosion. Bera thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, three wards, 10 union parishads, 188 mouzas and 157 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberatiopn the Pak army conducted air raid on 9 April 1971 while they were resisted at the Nagarbari Ferry Ghat. Several civilians was killed in this incident. A direct encounter between the Pak army and the freedom fighters were held at Paikorhati (junction of Bera and Santhia) on the Nagarbari-Bogra highway in which 25 members of the freedom fighters were killed and so were 150 members of the Pak army. Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site at Charpara and Dayalnagar; mass grave at Dayalnagar; memorial statue at Paikorhat.
Population 208897; male 52.11%, female
47.89%; Muslim 93.73%, Hindu 6.26% and others 0.01%. Religious
institutions Mosque 155, temple 43.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.1%; male 30.6%, female 16.9%.
Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 18, madrasa 18, government primary school 65, non-government primary school 49, satellite school 11, NGO operated school 2, kindergarten 2.
Noted educational institutions are Bharenga Academy (1835), Bera BB High School (1899), Bera High School (1906), Dhobakhola Coronation High School Natiabari (1906).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly A Juger Dip (irregular).
Cultural organisations Rural club 26, theatre group 1, cinema hall 2, cooperative society 343, auditorium 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 23.87%, agricultural labourer 13.56%, wage labourer 6.07%, weaving 5.16%, commerce 23.66%, service 5.02%, fishing 2.24%, transport 2.55%, hawker 2.36%, others 15.51%.
Land use Total cultivable land 24870 hectares, fallow land 9599 hectares; single crop 42.78%, double crop 48.65% and treble crop 8.57%; cultivable land under irrigation 3050 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 60.70% are landless, 15.49% small, 18.11% intermediate and 5.70% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is about Tk. 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, mustard seed, potato, betel leaf, onion, garlic, chilly, brinjal, khesari, maskalai and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, cotton, sesame, sweet potato, watermelon, indigo, kaun, china and bhura.
Main fruits Banana, mango, black berry and guava.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 196, poultry 104. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 60 km, mud road 203 km; waterways 11 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, dhuli, gaina boat, horse carriage, buffalo cart and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill, welding, ice factory.
Cottage industries Weaving, blacksmith, goldsmith, bamboo works, wood works.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 17; fairs 2, Mahakal Bhairavi Mela (Khanpura Bazar) and Baishaki Mela (Raksa Bazar).
Main exports Cotton lungi, onion, garlic and sugarcane molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are RDRS, ASA, BRAC, Jamuna, Samata, BCVD, BOSS.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 5, charitable dispensary 1.