Bhaluka Upazila (Mymensingh district) with an area of 444.05 sq km is surrounded by Fulbaria and Trisal upazilas on the north, Sreepur upazila on the south, Gaffargaon, upazila on the east and Sakhipur and Ghatail upazilas on the west.
Main rivers: Sutia, Kaoraid, Lalti and Bajua.
Bhaluka (Town) The town is now a municipality with an of 27.19 sq km and population 12269; male 52.56%, female 47.44%. It has 9 wards and 7 mahallas. Literacy rate among the town people is 32.7%.
Administration Bhaluka thana, now an upazila, was established in 1917. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 87 mouzas and 102 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberation Afsar Uddin Ahmed (Sub Sector Commandar of Sector 11) locally trained Muktibahini, collected arms and ammunitions and challenged the Pakistan army.
Marks of the War of Liberation Martyr memorial at Bhaluka Bus Stand. Religious institutions Mosque 440, temple 12 and church 4.
Population 264991; male 51.8%, female 48.20%; Muslim 94.90%, Hindu 4.65%, Christian 0.12%, Buddhist 0.06%, others 0.27%; ethnic nationals: Garo, Banshi and Mandai.
Literacy and educational
institutions Male 29.4% and female 18.5%. Educational institutions:
college 5, high school 26, junior school 17, madrasa 34, government
primary school 94, non-government primary school 33, community
school 22, satellite school 7, technical school 1.
Cultural organisations Club 90, public library 1, cinema hall 2, women's organisation 12.
Main occupations Agriculture 63.9%, fishing 1.06%, agricultural labourer 16.19%, wage labourer 2.63%, commerce 5.85%, service 2.74%, others 7.63%.
Land use Total land under cultivation 31395.31 hectares; fallow land 4416.43 hectares; single crop 30.08%, double crop 56.91% and treble crop 13.01%.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is about Tk. 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, sugarcane, wheat, mustard seed and pulse. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Linseed, arahar, shati, futi and local variety of banana.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, pineapple, papaya, kul, amra, guava, palm, olive, ata and coconut.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 20, poultry 25, hatchery 2.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 40 km, semi pucca 30 km and mud road 1113 km; waterways 17 nautical mile (during the rainy season).
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Textile mills, ceramic industries, spinning mills, fish feed.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 40, blacksmith 50, carpenter 200, tailoring 350, welding 10, bamboo and cane work 125.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 50, most noted of which are Mallickbari, Bhaluka, Seedstore, Batajor, Kachina, Uthura and Birunia.
Main exports Banana, jackfruit, guava, sugarcane, vegetables, cotton, egg and chicken.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care,, Gonoshahajjo Sangstha, CARE, ABC, Gana Chetana.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, health and family welfare centre 6, sub health centre 3.