Bhola Sadar Upazila (Bhola district) with an area of 413.16 sq km, is surrounded by Mehendiganj on the north, Bauphal and Burhanuddin on the south, Daulat khan on the east, Mehendiganj, BarisalSadar and Bakerganj upazilas on the west. 

Main Rivers are Lower Meghna, Tentulia and Ganeshpura. 

Bhola (Town) was turned into a municipality in 1920. It consists of 9 wards and 17 mahallas. It has an area of 12.16 sq km. The town has a population of 39964; male 52.39%, female 47.61%. Literacy rate among the town people is 63.9%. It has four dakbungalows and one Town Hall.

Administration Bhola thana was established in 1942 and has turned into an upazila in the early 1980s. It consists of 13 union parishads, 1 municipality, 3 wards, 112 mouzas and 122 villages. 

Historical events A battle between a unit of the Bangladesh Muktibahini and a predatory dispatch of the Pakistan army was fought at Ghuigarhat in which 121 freedom fighters were killed. In a subsequent direct encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pakistan army at Bangla Bazar Bridge 80 Pakistani soldiers were killed. 

Marks of War of Liberation Mass graveyard 1, Memorial Sculpture 1.

Population 35167; male 51.94%, female 48.06%; Muslim 95.71%, Hindu 4.17% and others 0.12%. 

Religious institutions Mosque 423, temple 15, Akhra 1. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.6%; male 29.6%, female 21.6%. 

Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 8, secondary school 24, lower secondary school 15, madrasa 257, government primary school 95, non-government primary school 92, kindergarten school 5. 

Newspaper and periodicals Ajker Bholabani, Dainik Banglar Kantha. Culturul organisations Public Library 1, rural club 15, cinema hall 3, theatre group 2, cyclone shelter 20,

Main occupations Agriculture 27.15%, fishing 7.37%, agricultural labourer 23.89%, wage labourer 5.52%, commerce 11.86%, service 7.19%, transport 2.3%, construction 1.65% and others 13.07%. 

Land use Total land 28001.36 hectares, under cultivation land 27893.71 hectares, single crop 38.60%, double crop 43.33%, treble crop 18.07%. 

Land control Landless peasants 32%, marginal 49%, intermediate 15%, 4% rich; cultivable land per head 0.24 hectare. 

Value of land The market value of land of the first grade is about Tk 5000 per sq km.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, pulse. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Jute, sesame, linseed, chilly are nearly extinct. 

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, coconut. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 249, poultry 20. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 64 km., semi pucca 5.25 km and mud road 1125 km., waterways 15 nautical miles. 

Traditional transports Goina boat, bullock cart, palanquin. These means of transports are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories Flour mill 2, ice cram factory 16, boiler 24. 

Cottage industries Bamboo work 122, goldsmith 105, potteries 152, blacksmith 77, wood work 182, tailoring 210, welding 38, weaving 33, lathe machine 25. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 16, the most notable of which are Ishar Hat, Khaner Hat, Ghuinga Hat and Bank Hat; fair 2.

Main exports Betel nut, pulse, hilsa fish and card made of buffalo milk. 

NGO activities Bandhujan Parishad, ASA, BRAC, Proshika, Inter Life, Swedish, Palli Gathan. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health centre and family welfare 10.