Bhurungamari Upazila (Kurigram district) with an area of 236 sq km, is surrounded by West Bengal and Assam (Indian states) on the north, nagesswari upazila on the south, Assam on the east, West Bengal on the west.
Dudhkumar is the main river.
Bhurungamari (Town) consists of three mouzas. It has an area of 14.92 sq km. The town has a population of 19885; male 51.66%, female 48.34%; density of population is 1333 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 33.1%.
Administration Bhurungamari upazila consists of 10 union parishads, 70 mouzas, 10 enclaves and 124 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Zamindar Bari (house) at Joymoni, remnants of an ancient mosque on the south-west of Pateshwari Bazar (Mughal period) and the Sonaihata Bridge on the boarder of India and Bangladesh.
During the War of liberation the Freedom Fighters of the upazila
fought heroically. On 11 November 1971 in liberating Bhurungamari
from the Pak occupant army 59 members of the Indian allied force
including Major Ram Singh and five freedom fighters were killed.
Having liberated Bhurungamari, on 20 November, a fierce direct
encounter was held to liberate Raiganj in which more than one
hundred member of the Pak army were killed and so were freedom
fighter Lt. Abu Sayed Muhammad Ashfaqus Samad (Bir Uttam) and some
of his compatriots.
Marks of the War of Liberation About 30-32 human skulls have been discovered from the back-side of the residence of Altaf Uddin Compounder of village Baghbhandar under Bhurungamari Union. Mass grave behind the residence of the TNO of Bhurungamari; mass killing site: backyard of the Hospital.
Population 176822; male 50.38%, female 49.62%; Muslim 98.16%, Hindu 1.74% and others 0.10%.
Religious institutions Mosque 510, temple 12.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 19.5%; male 26.2% and female 12.6%.
Educational institutions: college 3, high school 24, madrasa 15, government primary school 62, non-government primary school 62.
Noted educational institutions: Bhurungamari Pilot High School (1925), Pateshwari Barkatia High School (1950). Cultural organisations Rural club 15, cinema hall 3, public library 2, playground 8.
Main occupations Agriculture 49.36%, fishing 1.01%, agricultural labourer 29.62%, wage labourer 2.51%, commerce 5.66%, transport 1.49%, service 2.44% and others 7.91%.
Land use Total cultivable land 17035.39 hectares; single crop 14.20%, double crop 50.64% and treble crop 35.16%; land under irrigation 33.24%.
Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless, 40% small, 20% intermediate and 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.10 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is about 7000 Taka per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, wheat, varieties of pulse, peanut, bamboo and mulberry.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, china, aus paddy and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, guava, olive, kamranga, chalta, jamrul, natko and betel nut.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 37, fishery 1, nursery (fish) 20, poultry 32.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 27 km, semi pucca 10 km and mud road 800 km; waterways 42 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Weaving 3, bamboo work 40, goldsmith 25, blacksmith 48, potteries 195, wood work 165, tailoring 20, cocoon production 15, cobbler 10 and welding 4.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are18, the most noted of which are Bhurungamari, Joymonihat, Shahi Bazar, Dhaldanga.
Main exports Paddy, jute, peanut, bamboo, betel nut and chicken
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, RDRS, CARE, , Chhinnamukul.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 3, private clinic 1, dispensary 4.