Birampur Upazila (Dinajpur district) with an area of 211.81 sq km, is surrounded by Phulbari and Nawabganj upazilas on the north, Hakimpur upazila and West Bengal (India) on the south, Nawabganj and Hakimpur upazilas on the east, West Bengal and Phulbari upazila on the west.
Main river is the Jamuna; Ahsoolar Beel is notable.
Birampur (Town) has an area of 11.22 sq km. Birampur was turned into a municipality in 1995. The town has a population of 34587; male 51.02%, female 48.98%. It has 9 wards and 29 mahallas. The literacy rate among the town people is 43.1%.
Administration Birampur thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 7 union parishads, 171 mouzas and 189 villages. Historical events In 1971 a direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pakistan army at Ketra Hat in which 7 Pakistani soldiers and 16 freedom fighters were killed.
Population 134778; male 51.6% and female 48.4%; Muslim 88.27%, Hindu 7.16% Christian 2.32% and others 2.25%.
There are about 400 Santal
households in the upazila.
Religious institutions Mosque 298, Hindu temple 12, church 3, tomb 4. Main occupations Agriculture 47.05%, agricultural labourer 27.39%, wage labourer 1.73%, commerce 11.27%, service 3.68%, others 8.88%.
Literacy and educational Institutions Average literacy 29.8%; male 37.4%, female 21.7%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 24, government primary school 58, non-government primary school 104, madrasa 26, vocational (textiles) institute 1.
Noted educational institutions are Birampur Pilot High School and Kochgram Government Primary School.
Cultural organisations Club 7, cinema hall 7. Land use Cultivable land 17905 hectares; fallow land about 300 hectares; single crop 11%, double crop 79% and treble crop 10%. Land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants 24% are landless, 31% small, 36% medium and 9% rich; per capita cultivable land 0.18 hectare.
Value of first rate arable land The market value of land of the first grade is about Tk.7000 per sq km.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, potato, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Mustard, sugarcane and sesame.
Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, blackberry. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 15, dairy 12.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 51.35 km, semi-pucca 40.45 km and mud road 370 km; railway 12.56 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories There are a few automatic rice mills. Cottage industries Goldsmith 30, blacksmith 25, potteries 15, wood work 50, bamboo work 15, tailoring 60.
Main hats and bazars Total number of hats and bazars are 12; fairs 2, noted of which are Birampur, Katla and Ketra Hats.
Main exports Paddy and rice.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, TMSS, Gram Manab Unnayan Sangstha, Bangladesh Gram Sampad Unnayan Sangstha, Al-Falah Gram Unnayan Sangstha, Pallisri, NAMCO, Gram Bikash.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 4.