Birganj Upazila (Dinajpur district) with an area of 413 sq km, is Surrounded by Thakurgaon Sadar and Debiganj upazilas on the north, Kaharole upazila on the south, Atrai river and Khansama upazila on the east, Bochagonj, and Pirganj upazilas on the west. 

Main rivers are Atrai, Purarbhaba; noted beels are Paisa, Lal and Chandraghover. 

Birganj (Town) consists of two mouzas. It has an area of 6.5 sq km and population 10827; male 53.87%, female 46.13%. The density of population is 1666 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 50.7%. It has one dakbungalow. 

Administration Birganj thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 11 union parishads, 187 mouzas and 186 villages. 

Historical events Birganj was one of the major centres of the Tebagha Movement and Santal Rebellion. People of the upazila had actively participated in all historic movements including the War of Liberation. 

Population 231305; male 51.77% and female 48.23%; Muslim 67.92%, Hindu 29.19%, Buddhist 0.11%, Christian 0.68% and others 2.10%. 

Religious institutions Mosque 304, Hindu temple 42, church 5, tomb 2

Literacy and Educational Institutions Average literacy 25%; male 33.4%, female 16%. 

Educational institutions: college 3, high school 25, junior school 11, government primary school 86, non-government primary school 65, madrasa 26, vocational (textile) institute 1. 

Cultural organisations Club 11, cinema hall 2, drama group 1, jatra group 2 and women's organisation 12. 

Main occupations Agriculture 50.96%, agricultural labourer 32.23%, wage labourer 2.5%, commerce 6.03%, service 2.24%, others 6.04%. 

Land use Cultivable land 30,486 hectares; fallow land 251.32 hectares; single crop 34%, double crop 52% and treble crop 14%. 

Land control Landless peasants 46%, small 34%, medium 18%, rich 2%; per capita cultivable land 0.13 hectare. 

Value of first rate arable land The market value of land of the firs grade is about Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main agricultural crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, potato, onion. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Mustard, jute, sesame, kaun. 

Main fruits Watermelon, mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 12, fishery 10, hatchery 1, nursery 8.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 86 km, semi pucca 25 km and mud road 505 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct), boat. 

Manufactories Automatic rice mill 2, ice factory 1, biscuit factory 1. Cottage industries Goldsmith 54, blacksmith 86, potteries 250, woodwork 274 and tailoring 168. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 36; fair 2. Main exports Watermelon, litchi, potato and onion. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Caritas, BEIS and ESDO. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centres 10