Bishwanath Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 214.50 sq km, is surrounded by Sylhet Sadar upazila on the north,Balaganj on the south, Sylhet Sadar and Balaganj upazilas on the east,Jagannathpur and Chattak upazilas on the west.
Main river is Surma.
Bishwnath (Town) consists of 4 mouzas. It has an area of 13.06 sq km. The town has a population of 12783; male 52.71%, female 47.29%; density of population is 979 per sq. km. Literacy rate among the town people is 43%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Bishwnath thana was established in 1922 and was turned into an upazila in 1980. It consists of 8 union parishads, 118 mouzas and 432 villages. Religious institutions Mosques 346, temples 11.
Population 69730; male 50.99%, female 49.01%; Muslim 94.82%, Hindu 5.10%, and others 0.08%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 43.8%; male 50.4%, female 38.5%.
Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 18, government primary school 100, non-government primary school 11, madrasa 20. Ramsundar High School (1909), Chandvarang High School (1915), Sathpur Darul Hadis Aalia Madrasa (1948), Viswanath Aalia Madrasa (1960), Dashghar NU High School (1967) are notable educational institutions.
Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 12, and playground 5.
Main occupations Agriculture 31.99%, fishing 5.14%, agricultural labourer 16.83%, wage labourer 3.37%, commerce 11.85%, service 4.11%, house rent 10.46%, others 16.25%.
Land control Among the peasants 50.15% are landless, 19% marginal, 16% intermediate and 14.85% rich.
Value of land Market
value of land of first grade is about Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, groundnut, sugarcane, potato, mustard, chilli, lentil, chick-pea (gram), onion, ginger. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tobacco, jute, black gram (nearly extinct).
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, coconut, banana, lemon, pineapple. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 30, dairy 22, poultry 38.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 29 km and mud road 422 km; railways 14 km and rail station 2. Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 30, blacksmith 80, potteries 165. A special type of mat, popularly known as shital Pati are made from cane (murta).
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 33, most noted of which are Bishwnath and Bampasha; fair 6.
Main exports Paddy, fish, shital pati.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, satellite clinic 1, family planning centre 8.