Bogra Sadar Upazila (Bogra district) with an area of 420.64 sq km, is surrounded by Shibganj on the north, Sherpur and Nandigram upazilas on the south, Gabtali and Dhunat upazilas on the east, Kahaloo and Nandigram upazilas on the west.
Main Rivers are Karatoya, Chamati, Bangali.
Bogra Sadar (Town) Bogra municipality consists of 12 wards and 46 mahallas. It has an area of 18.85 sq km. The town has a population of 150138; male 52.37%, female 47.63%. Literacy rate among the town people is 63%. It has two dakbungalows.
Administration Bogra thana was established in 1821 and was turned into an upazila in 1980. The upazila consists of one municipality, 26 union parishads, 300 mouzas and 341 villages.
Archaeological heritage Nawab Palace (used as Neelkuthi during the British period), Jaina Temple.
Historical events In the mid April of 1971, a number of freedom fighters captured about forty million Taka from the Bogra branch of the State Bank of Pakistan and handed over to the Mujibnagar Government (government-in-exile). During the War of Liberation the Pak army killed fourteen freedom fighters at Bibirpukur. They also killed nine freedom fighters and buried them on the bank of the river Karatoya.
Religious institutions Mosque 712, temple 202, church 3.
Population 588783; male 51.94%, female 48.06%; Muslim 93.7%, Hindu 5.8%, others 0.5%. Ethnic nationals are 423 Santal families.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 39.1%; male 45.7%, female 31.9%.
Educational institutions: college 16, secondary school 68, primary school 233, madrasa 52, mass education centre 276, medical college 1, commerce college 1. Bogra Zila School (1854), Government Girl's High School, Bogra Coronation Institute (1911), Government AZIZUL HUQ COLLEGE are notable.
Newspapers and periodicals Daily Karatoya, Daily Satmatha, Daily Durjoy Bangla, Daily Aaj O Aagamikal, Daily Chadnibazar, extinct or nearly extinct: Daily Uttaranchal, Daily Uttarvarta, Daily Muktabarta.
Cultural organisations Club 146, public library 19, cinema hall 11.
Main occupations Agriculture 29.95%, agricultural labourer 12.53%, wage labourer 2.2%, commerce 18.11%, service 15.62%, transport 6.66%, others 14.93%.
Land use Arable land 29947.39 hectares, fallow land 9257.39 hectares. Arable land under irrigation 81.45%.
Land control Among the peasants, 35% are landless, 38% marginal, 23% intermediate and 4% rich.
Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, onion, chilli, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Betel leaf, air potato, mustard.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, litchi, banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 18, dairy 404, poultry 131.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 214 km, semi pucca 46 km and mud road 45 km; railways 11.5 km. Traditional transport Bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Garments factory 2, ceramic industry, iron & steel mill 2, tobacco industry 5, textile mill 2, match factory 2, hurricane (lantern) factory 1, cold storage 7, leather industry 2.
Cottage industries Tailoring 150, bamboo & cane work 56, welding 150, goldsmith 150, wood work 110, embroidery 26.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 82, most noted of which are Kalitala Hat, Sabgram Hat, Sultanganj Hat.
Noted fairs are Baruni Mele, Karbala Mela. Main exports Banana, potato, chilli, vegetables.
NGO activities BRAC, ASA, World Mission, TMSS.
Health centres Government hospital 2, private hospital/clinic 19, missionary hospital 1, charitable dispensary 29.