Charfasson Upazila (Bhola district) with an area of 1106.3 sq km, is surrounded by Lalmohan upazila on the north, Manpura upazila, Lower Meghna river and Shahbazpur channel on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south Dashmina and Galachipa upazilas on the west. It is the biggest upazila of Bhola district.
There are more than 100 chars in the upazila, most noted of which are Char Kukri Mukri, Dhalchar, Char Manika, Char Aicha, Char Nizam, Char Newton.
Charfasson (Town) consists of 9 wards and 9 mahallas with an area of 29.26 sq km. The town has a population of 17108; male 53.01%, female 46.99%. Literacy rate among the town people is 39.43%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Charfasson thana was established in 1970 and was
turned into an upazila in 1982. The upazila consists of 12 union
parishads, one municipality, 68 mouzas and 75 villages.
Historical events Charfassor was named after J H Fashion, District Magistrate of Bakerganj during 1885 to 1887. He established settlement here bringing ten educated and ten Ukhrait families from different parts of the country. The first two settled areas are known as Bhadrapara and Ukhrait Para even today. A direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pakistan army at a place in between Aminabad and Osmanganj Unions in which there were 11 casualties. Thousands of people were killed in a devastating tidal bore in 1970.
Population 342038; male 51.49%, female 48.51%; Muslim 95.73%, Hindu 4.25%, Others 0.02%.
Religious institutions Mosque 601, temple 5. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 25.4%; male 30%, female 20.8%.
Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 26, junior high school 22, madrasa 70, government primary school 71, registered non-government primary school 104.
Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Fashion Barta (now extinct), weekly Upakul Barta (irregular).
Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 15, cinema hall 6, theatre group 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 41.51%, fishing 5.28%, agricultural labourer 25.85%, wage labourer 5.1%, commerce 7.12%, service 3.11%, others 12.03%.
Land use Total land 56997.16 hectares, cultivable land 47221.77 hectares, fallow land 9775.39 hectares; single crop 27%, double crop 57%, treble crop 16%,
Land control Among the peasants 21.46% are landless, 49.09% marginal, 23.30% intermediate and 6.15% rich.
Value of land The market value of land of first grade is approximately Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, chilli, pulses, peanut, betel nut.Extinct and nearly extinct crops Local varieties of paddy, jute, sesame and linseed.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultrys Fishery 2, shrimp project 1, hatchery 1, poultry 4, dairy 2 .
Communication facility Roads: pucca 50 km, mud road 546 km.
Traditional transports Goina Boat, bullock cart, palanquin. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Weaving, mat work, tailoring, goldsmith, blacksmith, welding, wood work.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 45, most noted of which are Charfasson, Dular Hat, Goldar Hat, Letra Bazar, Chairman Hat.
Main exports Paddy, chilli, pulses, peanut, betel-nut, hilsa fish and shrimp.
NGO activities Operationally important NGO are Coast, Paoush, Rido, Nari (local) and Brac, ASA, Human Rights Organisations, NIGSES.
Health centres Upazila Health Complex 1, Family Welfare Centre 1, Rural Health Centre 10.