Charghat Upazila (Rajshahi district) with an area of 158.32 sq km, is surrounded by Puthia and Paba upazilas on the north, Bagha upazila on the south, Baghatipara and Bagha upazilas on the east, Paba upazila, West Bengal (India) and the Ganges on the west.
Main rivers: Ganges and Baral.
Charghat (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 3.75 sq km. The town has a population of 35484; male 52.26%, female 47.74%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48.3%.
The notable town area of the upazila is Sardaha. Neelkuthis, established during the British period and Bangladesh Police Academy are located here. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Charghat thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, five union parishads, 88 mouzas and 126 villages.
Historical events During the war of liberation in 1971 a direct encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held at Thanapara on 13 April. The Pak army killed more than one hundred innocent persons of village Thanapara.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 2; mass killing site 1; statue of the War of Liberation 1 (Sardah Police Academy).
Population 133756; male 52.42%, female 47.58%; Muslim
93.75%, Hindu 6.09% and others 0.16%; ethnic nationals: Santal 675
families.Religious institutions Mosque 342.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.6%; male 33% and female 19.6%.
Educational institutions: cadet college 1, college 9, secondary school 43, madrasa 6, government primary school 44, non-government primary school 27.
Noted educational institutions: PTC, Sardaha (1800), Rajshahi Cadet College (1965). Cultural organisations Rural club 35, public library 1, theatre group 1, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 1 and playground 45.
Main occupations Agriculture 30.45%, agricultural labourer 28.41%, wage labourer 4.53%, commerce 16.16%, service 7.11%, transport 1.94% and others 11.4%.
Land use Total cultivable land 12266.29 hectares; fallow land 332.66 hectares; single crop 22.59%, double crop 71.06% and treble crop 6.35%; cultivable land under irrigation 30.53%.
Land control Among the peasants 34% are landless, 20% small, 36% intermediate and 10% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately 60000 Taka per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, potato and khayer (catechu) plant.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, kaun, china, arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, black berry and papaya. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 6.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 30 km, semi pucca 7 km and mud road 193 km; Railways 13 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and boat. Manufactories Flour mill 26, ice factory 3, welding 6.
Cottage industries Weaving 430, bamboo work 50, goldsmith 22, blacksmith 60, wood work 90, tailoring 200 and bidi 1.
Total hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, most noted of which are Nandangachhi, Charghat, Dakra and Sardaha; fair 1 (Mela of Kalu Pir).
Main exports Mango, litchi, date molasses, sugarcane molasses and khayer.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care, TMSS, Ganaswastha and ITCL.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6 and satellite clinic 6.