Chatmohar Upazila (Pabna district) with an area of 314.32 sq km, is surrounded by Gurudaspur and Tarash upazilas on the north, Atgharia upazila on the south, Faridpur and Bhangura upazilas on the east, Baraigram and Gurudaspur upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Baral, Chiknai, Karatoa, Atrai and Gumni; noted Beels are Beelkuralia, Dikso, Khalisagari and Hundial.
Chatmohar (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 11 mahallas. The area of the town is 2.52 sq km. The town has a population of 11813; male 50.56%, female 49.44%. Literacy rate among the town people is 43.4%.
Administration Chatmohar thana was established in 1909 and was turned into an upazila in 1982. The upazila consists of one municipality, 10 union parishads, 170 mouzas and 234 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Chatmohar Shahi Mosque (989 AH, 1681 AD), Khonkarni Mosque at Pathanpara (built by the Afghans), Jagannath Mandir at Hundial (renovated by Bhabani Prasad Das in 1590, built much earlier), Snana Mandir (renovated in 1345), Kuthi of the Sheth or Bangala of the Sheth (1779), one domed Mosque at Paikpara (Hundial), one domed Samaj Shahi Mosque at Chatmohar (958 AH or 1549 AD, built by Sultan Salim or Sultan Samir sons of Emperor Sher Shah), tomb of Hazrat Ashraf Jhedani (R); remnants of Neelkuthi Building at village Shalikha, remnants of the homesteads of the zamindars at Parshadanga, Haripur, Shalikha and Chatmohar.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.
Population 227524; male 50.63%, female 49.37%; Muslim 92.69%, Hindu 5.81%, Christian 1.12% and others 0.38%; ethnic nationals: Santa 279 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 317, temple 108, church 4, tomb 3. Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 24.10%; male 29.30% and female 18.80%.
Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 22, lower secondary school 3, madrasa 28, government primary school 90, non-government primary school 57, satellite school 5, community school 1.
Noted educational institutions: Chatmohar Raja Chandra Nath High School and Babu Sambhunath High School.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly Chatmohar Barta; extinct: Sabuj Patra, Weekly Gayana Bikashini (1873), Palli Darpan (1874).
Cultural organisations Club 82, cinema hall 4, community centre 1, cooperative society 505.
Main occupations Agriculture 42.92%, agricultural labourer 30.82%, wage labourer 2.66%, commerce 8.25%, service 3.43% and others 11.92%.
Land use Total cultivable land 22460.54 hectares, fallow land 840.15 hectares; single crop 41.35%, double crop 54.77% and treble crop land 3.88%.
Land control Among the peasants 20.13% are landless, 28.26% small, 44.85% marginal and 6.76% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is 5000 Taka per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, chilly, sugarcane, mustard seed, coriander, khesari, musur and chhola. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Barley, kaun, china, arahar, bhura, peanut, and local variety of aman paddy.
Main fruits Banana, mango, jackfruit, black berry, betel nut, coconut and litchi. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy115, poultry115, fishery 17.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 30 km, semi pucca 13 km and mud road 301 km; water ways 17 nautical mile; railways: 16 km; railway station 3.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), dola, donga, bhela (made of banana tree).
Cottage industries Cottage industries include weaving, bamboo and cane work, blacksmith, goldsmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring, oil grinding.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 25, most noted of which are Amritakundu, Mathurapur and Mirzapur Hat; fairs 2.
Main exports Paddy, jute, pulse, bamboo and cane products, potteries.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 1, satellite clinic 8 and cattle breeding centre 1.