Damudya Upazila (Shariatpur district) with an area of 91.73 sq km, is surrounded by Shariatpur Sadar and Bhedarganj upazilas north, Gosairhat upazila on the south, Bhedarganj and Gosairhat upazilas on the east, Kalkini and Shariatpur Sadar upazilas on the west.
Damodya (Town) now a municipality, consists of 9 wards and 7 mahallas with an area of 3.96 sq km. The town has a population of 14007; male 50.18%, female 49.82%. The literacy rate among the town people is 46.8%. The town is an important river port and commercial centre. It has one dakbungalow.
Administration Damudya thana was established in 1975 and was turned into an upazila in 1982. It consists of 1 municipality, 7 union parishads, 60 mouzas and 124 villages.
Population 95659; male 49.62%, female 50.38%; Muslim 96.69%, Hindus 3.31%.
Religious institutions Mosque 161, temple 5, mazar 2, darbar sahrif 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.9%; male 34.3%, female 21.6%.
Educational institutions: college 1, high school 10, madrasa 5, kindergarten 1, government primary school 45, non-government primary school 10, satellite school 15.
Old educational institution: Kanekshar High School (1913). Cultural organisations Cinema hall 2, public library 1, rural club 10.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.40%, agricultural labourer 18.99%, wage labourer 3.22%, commerce 11.15%, service 7.59%, others 12.65%.
Land use Total cultivable land 6619.18 hectares, fallow land 614.73 hectares; single crop 3.40%, double crop 47.57%, treble crop land 49.03%; land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants landless 24.12%, small 64.46%, intermediate 9.18% and 2.24% rich; cultivable land per head 0.1 hectare.
Value of land Market value of first grade of land is Tk. 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, chilli and betel-leaf. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, china, kaun sugarcane, sweet potato and plover (kalizira).
Main fruits Mango Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 6, poultry 38 and dairy 6.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 28 km, semi pucca 12 km and mud road 210 km. Traditional transport Boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 40, ice factory 5, saw mill 10 and bidi factory 2.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 30, blacksmith 16, potteries 10, wood work 22, welding 7, tailors 30.
Hats, Bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 9, most noted of which are Damudya and Sidhelkura.
Main exports Jute, chilli, date-molasses, potteries and betel leaf.
NGO activities Brac,Proshika, Grameen Bank,ASA, Madaripur Legal Aid Association, CARE and RIASP.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, charitable dispensary 1 and private clinic 1.