Dashmina Upazila (Patuakhali district) with on area of 351.44 sq km, is surrounded by Bauphal upazila on the north, Galachipa upazila on the south, Lalmohan and Charfasson upazilas on the east, Galachipa upazila on the west.
Main river is Tentulia.
Dashmina (Town) consists of 3 mouza with an area of 19.94 sq km. It has a population of 14737; male 50.22%, female 49.78%. The density of population is 739 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 31.4%.
Administration Dashmina thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 6 union parishads, 51 mouzas and 55 villages.
Population 106539 ; male 49%, female 51% ; Muslim 93%, Hindu 7%.
Religious institutions Mosque 108, temple 11, mazar 2.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.6%; male 36.5%, female 22.7%.
Educational institutions: college 1, high school 19, madrasa 24, primary school 39, primary school 79. Old institutions: Dashmina Ideal Primary School (1914), Dashmina High School (1956).
Newspapers and periodicals (defunct) Dashmina Barta, Desh Katha.Cultural organisations Club 17, public library 2, women's association 1, cinema hall 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.68%, fishing 3.3%, commerce 6.43%, service 3.2%, agricultural labourer 23.29% wage labourer 4.1%, others 14%.
Land use Cultivable land 20512 hectares, fallow land 164 hectares; single crop 74%, double crop 20%, triple crop 6%. Cultivable land under irrigation 0.36%.
Land control Among the peasants 10% are landless, 6% marginal, 42% small, 38% intermediate and 4% rich; cultivable land per head 0.19 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Taka 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, pulse, chilli, watermelon. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun.
Main fruits Banana, jackfruit, papaya. Fishery and dairy Fishery 9, livestock 1.
Communication facilities Roads: Semi pucca 13 km, mud road 375 km, embankment road 27 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and country boat. Manufactories Rice mill 5, saw mill 4, ice cream factory 1, workshop 4.
Cottage industries wood work, bamboo work, mat making, tailoring, goldsmith, blacksmith.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 42, most noted of which are Dashmina, Nalkhola, Arajbegi hat, Ban Gopaldi, Gachhani, Bara Gopaldi hat.
Main exports Hilsa fish.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are ASA, BRAC,VOSD, Terry-des-Homes, BDS, CULB (local) PDO.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 6, NGO operated health centre 1