Dinajpur Sadar Upazila (Dinajpur district) with an area of 354.34 sq km is surrounded by Kaharole and Khansama upazilas on the north, Indian State of West Bengal on the south, Chirirbandar upazila on the east and Biral upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Punarbhaba and Atrai.
Dinajpur (Town) consists of 12 wards and 80 mahallas. The area of the municipality is 20.6 sq km and its population is 157343; male 51.29%, female 48.71%. The literacy rate among the town people is 56.5%.
Administration Dinajpur thana was established in 1899 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 14 union parishads, 291 mouzas and 205 villages.
Archaeological heritage Ramsagar Dighi (excavated in 1750), Singha Duar Palace, (palace with lion-sculpture decorated gates).
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.
Population 357888; male 51.77% and female 48.23%; Muslim 81.62%, Hindu 16.28%, Christian 0.71% and others 1.39%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 41.1%; male 48.2%, female 32.2%.
Educational institutions: university of science and technology 1, medical college 1, private college 9, government college 5, institute of technology 1, high school 35, government primary school 100, private primary school 125, madrasa 40.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dailies: Dainik Uttara, Tista, Janamat, Protibha and Uttar Bangla; weeklies- Atapar, Ajker Barta; monthly Noaroj (extinct).
Cultural organisations Club 305, public library 2, museum 1, cinema hall 7, theatre group 3, literature study group 15 and women's organisation 1.
Religious institutions Mosque 572, temple 71, church 5, tomb 40 (tomb of Chehl Gazi).
Main occupations Agriculture 27.52%, agricultural labourer 20.41%, wage labourer 3.51%, industry 1.29%, commerce 15.18%, transport 6.15%, construction 1.82%, service 14.09%, others 10.03%.
Land use Cultivable land 36511.13 hectare; fallow land 1618.78 hectare; single crop 50%, double crop 40% and treble crop 10%.
Land control Landless 40%, small peasants 35%, medium 20% and rich 5%. Value of first rate arable land (per 0.01 hectare) Tk 6500.
Main crops Paddy, wheat and vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Jute, sesame and kaun.
Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi and blackberry. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 110, fishery 30, dairy 10.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 125 km, semi pucca 20 km, mud road 600 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, boat, bullock cart, horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories and cottage industries Rice mill, oil and feed industry, chemical industry, textile mill, ice factory, printing press, etc.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 100, blacksmith 10, potteries 5, wood work 100, tailoring 150 and welding 200.
Hats and bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30; fair 1.
Main exports The katari and other varieties of rice, litchi, mango.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Caritas, TMSS, Pallisri and Bangladesh Jubo Oikkya Kalyan Sangstha.
Health centers Hospital 5, union health and family planning centre 13.