Dumuria Upazila (Khulna district) with an area of 454.23 sq km. surrounded by Manirampur, Abhaynagar and Phultala upazilas on the north, Batiaghata and Paikghacha upazilas on the south, Khan Jahan Ali, Khalishpur and Sonadanga thanas and Batiaghata upazila on the east, Tala and Keshabpur upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Shibsa and Shengrail; Beel Dakatia is notable.
Dumuria (Town) consists of 4 mouzas with an area of 6.93 sq km. It has a population of 14189; male 52.09%, female 47.91%; density of population is 2047 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 44.4%.
Administration Dumuria thana was established in 1918 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 14 union parishads 183 mouzas 230 villages.
Historical events Tebhaga Movement was organised in 1948 at villages Shovana, Dhanibunia, Kanaidanga, Orabunia and Bakultala. During the War of Liberation, the Pakistan army raided the village Kalitalapara in April 1971 and many Bangalis, including Profullo Kumar Biswas, Indubhushan, Lalchand, Amullya, Mahendra, Raicharan, Nihar and Ratan were killed. Fourteen members of the allied forces were killed in a direct encounter between the Pak army and the freedom fighters and allied forces at Shalua Bazaar. In the initial months of the War of Liberation, Chuknagar formed a transit point for Bangali refugees, fleeing to India in the face of atrocities by the Pakistan army. On 20 May 1971, the Pakistan army killed thousands of refugees gathered at the village. Every year the day is mourned as the Chuknagar Mass Killing Day.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 3, monument 5.
Population 256503; male 51.12%, female 48.88%; Muslim 56.97%, Hindu 42.83%, Christian 0.01%, Buddhist 0.01%, and others 0.09%.
Religious institutions Mosque 195, temple 125.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 36.1%; male 45.4%, female 26.5%.
Educational institutions: college 7, high school 33, junior school 8, madrasa 46, government primary school 110, non-government primary school 53.
Newspapers and periodicals Periodicals: Padatik, Purushottamduti. Cultural organisations Club 85, public library 2, cinema hall 2, drama stage 2, group theatre 10, literary cultural association 14, women's organisation 22, VDP Club 224, Co-operative Society 458.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.29%, Agricultural labourer 16.77%, wage labourer 4.09%, commerce 12.85%, industry 2.01%, transport 3.24%, service 4.66% and others 10.08%.
Land use Total cultivable land 31340 hectares, fallow land 3240 hectares; single crop 36.52%, double crop 33.82%, treble crop 29.66%.
Land control Among the peasants 20% are landless, 28% small, 32% intermediate, and 0.8% rich; cultivable land per head 0.12 hectares.
Value of land The market value of the first grade agricultural land is around Tk.13000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, betel nut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Hatchery 1, fishery 12,000, poultry 285, dairy 88.
Communication facilities Roads: Pucca 61 km, semi pucca 76 km., mud 467 km; waterways 32 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, and bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Oil mill, rice mill, flour mill, turmeric mill, pulse mill, ice factory, fish production centre.
Cottage industries Handloom 510, bamboo work 305, ironsmith 121, potteries 211, wood work 165, goldsmith 28, bidi factory 1.
Hats, bazars, and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 42, most noted of which are Dumuria, Shahpur, Chuknagar, Kharnia, Atharomile, and Madartala; fairs 2.
Main exports Paddy, rice, betel nut, molasses, prawn, mango, jackfruit and vegetables.
NGO activities BRAC, ASA, Caritas, Proshika, Prodipan, , Nijera Kari, URDEP, Gonoshahajjo Sangstha, CSS, CARE, Progoti.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 2, health and family welfare centre 8.