Fenchuganj Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 144.48 sq km, is surrounded by Sylhet Sadar and Golapganj uapzila on the north, Rajnagar and Kulaura upazilas on the south,Barlekha upazila on the east, Balaganj upazila on the west.
Main rivers: Kushiyara , Juri, and Sonai; haor 4.
Fenchuganj (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. It has an area of 9.92 sq km; population 16314; male 52.12%, female 47.88%; density of population is 1645 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 35.1%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Fenchuganj thana was established in 1907 and was turned into an upazila in 1980. The upazila consists of three union parishads, 30 mouzas and 88 villages.
Population 81605; male 51.07%, female 48.93%; Muslim 88.72%, Hindu 11.25%, Buddhist and Christian 0.03%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 53.45%; male 58.2%, female 48.7%.
Educational institutions college 1, high school 8, junior high school 2, primary school (government) 30, primary school (private) 4, madrasa 2. Kasim Ali High School (1915), Fariza Khatun Girl's School (1962), Hatuvanga Daruls Sunnah Dakhil Madrasa (1962) are notable educational institutions.
Newspapers and periodicals Fenchuganj Samachar. Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 8, playground 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 25.91%, fishing 8.7%, transport 2.04%, agricultural labourer 16.21%, wage labourer 6.61%, commerce 11.24%, service 14.71%, others 14.58%.
Land use Arable land 7583.97 hectares, fallow land 3395.39 hectares, forest 30.35 hectares; tea garden 3, rubber garden 2.
Land control Among the peasants 58.23% are landless, 22% marginal, 12% intermediate and 7.4% rich. Cultivable land per head 0.09 hec.
Value of land Market value of the first grade agricultural land is Tk 4500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, groundnut, lentil, sugarcane, potato. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tobacco, jute, black gram.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, coconut, banana, pineapple. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 25, dairy 14, poultry 56.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 19 km, mud road 60 km; railways 14 km; rail station 2.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct) and bullock cart (nearly extinct).
Manufactories Fertiliser factory 1 (Fenchuganj Fertiliser Factory).
Cottage industries Goldsmith 25, blacksmith 60, potteries 78. A special type of mat, popularly known as Shital Pati are made from cane (murta).
Mineral resources Gas field 1.
Hats, bazars and fairs
Hats and bazars are 16, fairs 3; Fenchuganj Bazar and Maijgaon Bazar are notable.
Main exports Natural gas, tea, rubber, fertilizer, Shital Pati.
NGO activities BRAC, ASA
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, satellite health centre 1, family planning centre 3.