Fulchhari Upazila (Gaibandha district) with an area of 306.53 sq km is surrounded by Gaibandha Sadar upazila on the north, Sughatta and Islampur upazilas on the south, Dewanganj upazila on the east, Gaibandha Sadar and Sughatta upazilas on the west. Vast area of the upazila is char land.
Main Rivers are Brahmaputra,Jamuna, Ghaghat
Fulchhari (Town) consists of one mouza. The area of the town is 11.08 sq km. It has a population of 5918; male 55.12%, female 44.88%; population density per sq km 1840. Literacy rate among the town people is 28.9%.
Administration Fulchhari thana, now an upazila, was established in 1914. The upazila consists of seven union parishads, 80 mouzas and 74 villages.
Historical events In 1956 a three-day peasant conference convened by Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani was held at Sardarer Char. The historic Tebhaga Movement spread over the upazila in 1946. Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 1.
Population 168772; male 51.6%, female 48.4%; Muslim 94.5%; Hindu 4.5% and others 1%. Religious institutions Mosque 239, temple 7.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 16.5%; male 22.9% and female 10%.
Educational institutions: college 2, high school 9, junior high school 4, madrasa 15, government primary school 49, non-government primary school 55, satellite school 7, community school 4.
Noted educational institutions: Fulchhari Pilot High School (1960), Rasulpur Government Primary School (1906) and Kanchipara MU Academy (1966). Cultural organisations Rural club 7, playground 10.
Main occupations Agriculture 51.5%, agricultural labourer 26.27%, wage labourer 3.01%, fishery 1.65%, commerce 6.47%, service 2.84% and others 8.26%.
Land use Total cultivable land 18772.50 hectares, fallow land 83 hectares; temporarily uncultivable land 488 hectares; single crop 23%, double crop 67% and treble crop land 10%; land under irrigation 27.93%.
Land control Among the peasants 45% are landless, 35% small, 17% intermediate and 3% rich; cultivable land per head 0.11 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, kaun, maskalai, onion, chilli, peanut, mustard seed and katechu. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy and barley.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 20, diary 20 and fishery 5.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 14 km, semi pucca 2 km and mud road 148 km; waterways 49 nautical mile; railways 6 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice mill 10, saw mill 2.
Cottage industries Cottage industries include weaving, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bamboowork, wood work, bidi, tailoring etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 12, most noted of which are Kanchipara, Udakhali and Fulchhari; fair 4, most noted of which are Charak Puja Mela (Kalia) and Rath Mela (Kalia).
Main exports Mustard seed, peanut, maskalai, onion, chilly and kachu.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, Proshika,, CARE, PROSHIKA, Gana Unnayan, Samaj Kalyan Sangstha, Unnayan Sahajagi Team.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, health and family welfare centre 3, union sub health centre 1 and satellite clinic 42.