Gangachara Upazila (Rangpur district) with an area of 209.61 sq km, is surrounded by Kaliganj (Lalmonirhat) and Kishoreganj upazilas on the north, Rangpur Sadar and Kaunia upazilas on the south, Aditmari and Lalmonirhat Sadar upazilas on the east, Kishoreganj (Nilphamari) and Taraganj upazilas on the west.
Main Rivers are Tista and Ghagat.
Gangachara (Town) consists of two mouzas. It has an area of 9.86 sq km. The town has a population of 12600; male 52.02%, female 47.98%. The density of population is 1278 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 28.6%. Gangachara is noted for tobacco production.
Administration Gangachara thana, now an upazila, was established in 1917. The upazila consists of 10 union parishads, 73 mouzas and 123 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Mandail Mosque at Barabeel, Hari Mandir at Chandanhat and Thakurdaha Mandir.
Marks of the War of Liberation A Memorial monument at Mahipur.
Population 192336; male 52.04%, female 47.96%; Muslim 86.53%, Hindu 13.43% and others 0.04%.
Religious institutions Mosque 305, temple 48.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 22.4%; male 29%, female 15.1%.
Educational institution: college 5, high school 26, junior high school 5, madrasa 33, government primary school 84, non-government primary school 77, kindergarten 1, community school 5, music school 1 and satellite school 18.
Cultural organisations Club 56, orphanage 4, cinema hall 2, theatre group 2.
Main occupations Agriculture 43.94%, agricultural labourer 32.53%, wage labourer 6.11%, commerce 7.44%, service 3.28% and others 6.7%.
Land use Total cultivable land 18823 hectares; single crop 37.34%, double crop 11.9% and treble crop 50.76%; land under irrigation 66.9%.
Land control Among the peasants 48% are landless, 28% small, 14% intermediate and 10% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, ginger and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, sweet potato and kaun.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya and banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 4, fishery 7.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 25 km, semi pucca 5 km and mud road 295 km; waterways 14 nautical mile.
Traditional transport PALANQUIN and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Tobacco crushing mill 7, rice mill 10, saw mill 6 and welding 7.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 35, weaving 20, goldsmith 3, blacksmith 27, potteries 37, wood work 17, tailoring 35 and bidi 11.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 9, most noted of which are Gajaghanta, Mahipur, Gangachara, Maulvibazar, Betgari, Manthana, Bakshiganj, Khaprikhal and Chowdhury Hat; noted fair: Sharif Mela at Pakuria.
Main exports Tobacco, ginger and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Thengamara Mahila Sabuj Sangha.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10, and satellite clinic 2.