Gangni Upazila (Meherpur district) with an area 341.58 sq km, is surrounded by Daulatput (Kushtia) upazila on the north, Alamdanga and Meherpur Sadar upazilas on the south, Mirpur (Kushtia) upazila on the east, Meherpur Sadar upazila and West Bengal of India on the west.
Main rivers are Bhairab, Kazla. Dharla and Ilangi Beels are notable.
Gangni (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. It has an area of 22.86 sq km. It has a population of 19126; male 51.48% and female 48.95%. Literacy rate among the town people is 28.8%.
Administration Gangni thana, now an upazila, was established in 1923. It consists of 9 union parishads, 100 mouzas, 136 village, 5 border outpost.
Archaeological heritage Shaharbati Neelkuthi (1859) and Gosaidubi Mosque at Karamdi.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 2 (Kazipur and Tepukhali playground)
Population 229138; male 51.05%, female 48.95%; Muslim 98.43%, Hindu 1.01%, others 0.56%.
Religious institutions Mosque 232, temple 12, church 6.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literaccy 21%; male 25.2%, female 16.6%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 23, madrasa 5, government primary school 79, non-government primary school 58.
Old educational institutions are Hoglabaria High School and Gangni High School.
Cultural organisations Public library 4, rural club 10, playground 20.
Main occupations Agriculture 38.19%, agricultural labourer 33.75%, wage labourer 4.43%, commerce 12.48%, construction 1%, service 2.7%, others 7.45%.
Land use Cultivable land 26.545 hectare; fallow land 38 hectare; single crop 13.4%, double crop 67.5%, triple crop19.2%; land under irrigation 54%.
Land control Among the peasants, 14.29% are rich, 50.79% intermediate and 34.92% small; cultivable land per head 0.15 hectare.
Value of land The market of the land of first grade is about Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat and tobacco. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Indigo, arhar, kheshari.
Main fruits Mango, litchi, jackfruit Fisheries, dairies, poultry Fishery1 and hatchery 2, poultry 25, dairy 15.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 100 km, semi pucca 485 km, mud road 927 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill 1, ice factory 10.
Cottage industries Weaving 15, bamboo work 45, goldsmith 25, blacksmith 48, potteries 15, wood work 50, tailoring 120, welding 5.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 11, most noted of which are Gangni and Bamundi; fairs 4.
Main export Tobacco, paddy, jute and wheat.
NGO activities Proshika, BRAC, Nijera Kari, Sandhani Pallashee Para and Kumareedanga.
Health centres Hospital 1, union health centre 9.