Ghior Upazila (Mansikganj district) with an area of 145.95 sq km, is surrounded by Dalatpur (Manikganj) upazila on the north, Shivalaya and Harirampur upazilas on the south, Manikganj Sadar and Saturia upazilas on the east, Shivalaya and Daulatpur upazilas on the west.
Main Rivers are Old Dhaleshwari, Kaliganga, Ichamati, Gangdubi. Bairagir Beel is notable.
Ghior (Town) consists of two mouzas. The town has an area of 4.24 sq km and a population of 5882; male 53.5%, female 46.5%. Literacy rate among the town people is 53%. It has one dakbungalow.
Administration Ghior thana was established in 1919 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 7 union parishads, 170 mauzas and 183 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Neelkuthi at village Sreebari Baratia, Buddha-vihara at Panchthubi.
Historical events During the War of Liberation war in 1971 forty one villagers including college principal Atiar Rahman were killed by the Pak Army on 22 November at village Terassree. Marks of War of Liberation Memorial plate 1, memorial monument 1.
Population 127521; male 50.16%, female 49.84%; Muslim 86.13%, Hindu 13.62%, others 0.25%; ethnic nationals: Buno (locally called buinya) 85 families.
Religious institutions Mosque 118, temple 64, mazar 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 31.2%; male 38.4%, female 24%.
Educational institutions: college (government) 1, college (non-government) 1, high school 17, madrasa 56, primary school (government) 61, primary school (non-government) 20.
Old educational institutions: Ghior D N High School and Terassree K N High School.
Cultural organisations Club 68, public library 5, cinema hall 1, theatre group 2, jatra party 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 38.82%, agricultural labourer 21.61%, fishing 2.02%, construction 1.16%, commerce 11.98%, service 9.47%, transport 1.31%, wage labourer 4.57%, others 9.06%.
Land use Cultivable land 14595 hectares; single crop 44%, double crop 34%, triple crop land 22%; cultivable land under irrigation 32%.
Land control Among the peasants 23% are landless, 18% marginal, 35% small, 21% intermediate, 3% rich; cultivable land per head 0.114 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the first grade arable land is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, potato, onion, garlic, chilli, vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun, linseed, sesame, paira, indigo.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, guava, kamranga, chinal (a kind of melon).
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 22, poultry 71.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 31 km, semi pucca 4 km, mud road 208 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage, bullock cart and buffalo cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Cottage industries Bamboo and cane work, bidi factory, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, wood work, tailoring.
Hats bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 5; fair 3, most noted of which are Ghior Hat, Ghior Rath Mela, Dol Mela at Narchi, Nimai Chander Mela at Pukuria.
Main exports Onion, garlic, chilli, vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs areBrac, Proshika, ASA, Shapla-neer, VON, Sonali Sangstha, Manab Unnayan.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 8, family planning centre 6.