Golabganj Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 278.34 sq km is surrounded by Jaintiapur and Kanaighat upazilas on the north,Fenchuganj and Barlekha upazilas on the south, Beanibazar and Barlekha upazilas on the east, Sylhet Sadar upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Surma, Kushuyara and Sonai.
Golabganj (Town) consists of 4 mouzas. It has an area of 11.55 sq km. The town has a population of 14835; male 52.44%, female 47.56%; density of population is 1284 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 40.6%.
Administration Golabganj thana, now an upazila, was established in 1922. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 108 mouzas and 254 villages.
Historical events As a part of the historic Nankar Movement Ronikeli rebellion and Vadeswar rebellion were held in the upazila.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave and memorial monument 1
Religious institutions Mosque 445, temple 8, tomb 5, church 1.
Population 229074; male 50.29%, female 49.71%; Muslim 95.15%, Hindu 4.82%; Buddhist, Christian and others 0.03%; major ethnic nationals: Manipuri and Tripura.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 38.7%; male 44.2%, female 33.2%.
Educational institutions: college 3, collegiate school 4, secondary school 25, primary school (government) 140, madrasa 32. Fulbaria Madrasa (1882) and MC Academy (1934) are notable educational institutions.
Main occupations Agriculture 24.07%, agricultural labourer 18.54%, wage labourer 8.52%, construction labourer 1.79%, transport 3.05%, commerce 11.03%, service 6.19%, others 17.55%.
Land use Arable land 1554.72 hectares, uncultivated 696.88 hectares, haor area 918.44 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 46.14% are landless, 32.18% marginal, 18.16% intermediate and 3.52% rich.
Value of land Market value of the first grade agricultural land is around Tk 4000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, arum, kamranga, chilli (variety of hot chilly). Extinct and nearly extinct crops Local variety of paddy, til (sesame), mustard seed, tisi (linseed).
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, litchi, banana, guava, lemon, jambura and kathbadam.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 4, dairy 2, poultry 22.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 90 km, mud road 585 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories LP gas plant. Mineral resource Gas field 4.
Main hats, bazars and fairs Noted hats and bazars are Golabganj, Dhaka Dakshmin, Vadeswar Mokambazar, Purokaiasthabazar, Chandarpur, Aasirganj, Sharikganj; noted fairs: Rath Mela at Dhaka Dakshmin, Chaitra Sangkranti Mela, Paush Parban and Sangkranti Mela of Kala Chand Mandir at Golapnagar.
Main exports LP gas, arum, chilli.
NGO activities Brac, Grameen Bank, Programme, Simantic, Khan Foundation, and Grameen Janakalyan Sangsad.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, union health centre 11, health and family planning centre 9.