Gopalganj Sadar Upazila (Gopalganj district) with an area of 413.75 sq km, is surrounded by Lohagara, Kashiani and Muksudpur upazilas on the north, Tungipara and Mollahat upazilas on the south, Kotalipara and Rajoir upazilas on the east, Kalia and Lohagara upazilas on the west. 

Main rivers:Madhumati, Madhupur and Atharabaki. 

Gopalganj (Town) a municipal (estd in 1972) town, consists of 9 wards and 49 mahallas. The area of the town is 8.59 sq km. The town has a population of 40987; male 53.27%, female 46.73%; density of population is 4771 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 66.9% 

Administration Gopalganj thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 20 union parishads, 127 mouzas and 196 villages. 

Historical events In 1368 BS a riot was held between the Hindu and the Muslim at villages Karpara, Balakoir and Targram of Boultali Union in which many people of both communities were killed. During the War of Liberation nearly 12 freedom fighters were killed in a encounter with the Pak army at Shasabaria of Urafi Union. The Pak army in collaboration with the peace committee killed nearly 150 persons at village Paikkandhi. 

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 1. 

Population 291409; male 50.73%, female 49.27%; Muslim 66.45%, Hindu 32.75%, Christian 0.42%, Buddhist 0.04% and others 0.34%.

Religious institutions Mosque 351, temple 181, church 4. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 44.7%; male 50.8% and female 38.4%. 

Educational institutions: college 5, high school 43, madrasa 23, government primary school 133, non-government primary school 67, training centre 1. Cultural organisations Club 15, public library 1, cinema hall 2, shilpakala academy 1, circuit house 1, stadium 2. 

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik: Jugakatha, Bhorer Bani, Sheren, Banglar Sanket, Bishwa Darpan, Weekly Janapader Katha; extinct: Gopalganj Barta, Gopalganj Sahitya Patra, Alor Disheri. 

Main occupations Agriculture 44.2%, agricultural labourer 18.71%, wage labourer 1.76%, commerce 11.27%, service 11.79%, fishing 1.49%, transport 2.89% and others 7.89%. 

Land use Total cultivable 31502 hectares; fallow land 1575 hectares; single crop 27%, double crop 51% and treble crop land 22%. 

Land control Among the peasant, 26% are landless, 21% marginal, 30% small, 15% intermediate and 8% rich. 

Value of land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 8500 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, ground nut, sugarcane, mustard seed, sesame, linseed, pulse, patal, sweet potato. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, jab, china, kaun. 

Main fruits Mango, coconut, betel nut, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 7, fishery 5, dairy 5. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 183 km, semi pucca 135 km and mud road 700; waterways 19 nautical mile. 

Traditional transport Palanquin and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. 

Manufactories Biscuit factory, saw mill, rice mill, oil mill, flour mill. 

Cottage industries Wood work, goldsmith, blacksmith, brass and copper work, potteries, bamboo work, tailoring. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 35, fairs 8. Mineral resource Pit coal. 

Main exports Paddy, shrimp, leather and vegetable. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Caritas, Grameen Bank, CCBD,PEP, Christian Service Society, Swarnirvar Bangladesh, Ganaunnayan Prachesta, BCS, Legal Aid, SGS, Ashar Alo. 

Health centres Hospital 2, upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 20, maternity 1.