Gournadi Upazila (Barisal district) with an area of 144.14 sq km, is surrounded by Kalkini upazila on the north, Wazirpur upazila on the south, babuganj, Muladi and Kalkini upazilas on the east, Agaijhara upazila on the west.
Main river is Nunda.
Gournadi (Town) consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 12.99 sq km. It has a population of 37411; male 51.31% and female 48.69%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48.8%.
Administration Gournadi thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 7 union parishads, 122 mouzas and 124 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Single domed ancient mosque, known as Allahr Masjid at Kasba.
Historical events During the War of Liberation a direct encounter was held at Ramsiddhi between the Pak army and the freedom fighters in which many local people were killed and wounded.
Population 171602; male 51.12%, female 48.88%; Muslim 85%, Hindu 12% and others 3%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 42.1%; male 48% and female 36.2%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 4, high school 25, government primary school 87, non-government primary school 22, madrasa 213, technical institution 1.
Noted educational institutions: Pinglakathi Model Government Primary School (1882), Harisen Government Primary School (1885), Ramsiddhi Bazar Government Primary School (1895) and Barthitara High School (1905).
Religious institutions Mosque 170, temple 205, church 6. Cultural organisations Club 22, public library 1, cinema hall 2, circus party 1, theatre group 2, literary society 1, women's organisation 3, playground 13.
Periodical Gournadi Parikrama.
Main occupations Agriculture 35.74%, agricultural labourer 25.62%, wage labourer 3.37%, commerce 13.93%, service 7.82%, transport 2.54%, industry 1%, weaving 1.59% and others 8.39%.
Land use Cultivable land 10867.6 hectares; fallow land 1860.56 hectares; single crop 31.5%, double crop 58.5% and treble crop land 10%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 86%.
Land control Among the peasants, 15% are landless, 38% marginal, 32% small, 14% intermediate and 1% are rich; cultivable land per head 0.05 hectare.
Value of land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, brinjal, betel leaf. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, mustard, sesame, aman paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, black berry, coconut, litchi, palm, papaya. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 92, dairy 12, fishery 30, hatchery 4.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 40 km, semi pucca 15 km and mud road 300 km; waterways 19 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, dulki (extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 50, flourmill 7, ice factory 7, saw mill 12, chira mill 1, press 5.
Cottage industries Weaving 15, bamboo work 125, goldsmith 35, blacksmith 67, potteries 86, woodwork 165, tailoring 237, welding 12, bidi 1.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 18, fair 5, most noted of which are Torki Hat, Kasba Cattle Market, Mahilarar Hat, Chandshi Kabiraj Bari Mela.
Main exports Paddy, banana, betel leaf and date molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Caritas, Grameen Bank, SDO, CCDB.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 4.