Gowainghat Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 486.10 sq km, is surrounded by Meghalay state of India on the north,Sylhet Sadar and Jaintiapur upazilas on the south, Jaintiapur upazila on the east, Companiganj (Sylhet) upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Sari, Goyain, Piyain, Ichamati, Kapna, and Dauki; Nainda, Tilgulli, Lenguda, Kurshanti are main haors; Chatla, Shildikuri, Harinmara are main water bodies.
Jafflong is an important tourist spot. Tamabil land port is used for importing coal and other goods from India.
Gowainghat (Town) consists of 2 mouzas. It has an area of 3.51 sq km. It has a population of 4111; male 52.44%, female 47.56%; density of population is 1171 per sq km. Literacy rate among town people is 22.7%.
Administration Gowainghat thana, now an upazila, was established in 1908. The upazila consists of 8 union parishads, 260 mouzas and 264 villages. Religious institutions Mosques 400, temple 20, church 2.
Population 169937; male 51.58%, female 48.42%. Muslim 89.2%, Hindu 8.9%, Buddhist 0.6%, Christian 0.4% and others 0.9%; ethnic nationals: 1953 Khasis at Jaflong.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 18.1%; male 23.6%, female 12.6%.
Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 15, primary school (government) 85, satellite school 4, adult literacy centre 2. Gowainghat High School is a notable educational institution.
Main occupations Agriculture 50.16%, fishing 2.36%, agricultural labourer 17.64%, wage labourer 9.43%, commerce 6.53%, service 3.09%, others 10.79%.
Land use Arable land 26639.01 hectares; fallow land 9199.11 hectares, khash land 1020.39 hectares; single crop 46.90%, double crop 50.68% and triple crop land 2.42%.
Land control Among the peasant, 23.43% are landless, 43.16% marginal, 27.00% intermediate, and 6.41% rich.
Value of land Market value of the first grade agricultural land is about Tk 85000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, mustard seed, tea, betel leaf. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tisi (linseed), Til,(sesame), cassia leaf are entirely extinct; Taykar and Satkara are nearly extinct.
Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, papaya, banana, betel nut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 8, dairy 2 and poultry 15.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 49.24 km and mud road 361.4 km. Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Stone crushing plant 25, rice mill 30, brick field 3, tea processing factory 1, saw mill 2.
Cottage industries Mats, popularly known as Shital Paty, are made from Murta (one kind of cane). Different kinds of household goods are made from bamboo and cane.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, most noted of which are Gowainghat, Radhanagar, Jaflong, Ballaghat, Hadarpar, Salutikar.
Main exports Tea, betel leaf, boulder and gravel, sand.
NGO activities Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Concern,Caritas, CARE, FIVDB, Hunger.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, rural health centre 11, family welfare centre 5, charitable dispensary 1.