Hathazari Upazila (Chittagong district) with an area of 251.28 sq km, is surrounded by Fatikchhari upazila on the north, Panchlaish and Chandgaon thanas on the south, Raozan upazila on the east, Sitakunda upazila on the west.
Main river: Halda; canal: Poragoli; Jalalabad hills, Rajbaijja hillock, Nachoinnah hillock are notable. Hathazari (Town) consists of three mouzas. Total population of the town is 37630.
Administration Hathazari thana was established in 1929 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of 16 union parishads, 47 mouzas and 56 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Alaul Mosque (1473-74), Fakir Mosque (1474-80), Oli Khan Mosque (1714-19), Hamja Khan Mosque (1682), Helal Shahi Mosque (thirteen century), Gul Mohammad Fakir Mosque, Hathazari Mosque, Airport Mosque and Buddha Crematorium.
Historical events The battle of Jalalabad is a unique and glorious chapter in the history of Bengal. Here a battle between the revolutionaries, led by Surjo Sen and Ananto Singh, and the British forces, led by Colonel Del Smith, Captain Tait and DIG Kamrar was held on 18 April 1830. This Jalalabad Battle is still an inspiration for the Bangalis. The mythical wedding of Malka Banu with Monu Miah in 17th century AD is a legendary folk story of this area. Numbers of folk-rhymes, poems and narrative operas are composed on their wedding episode.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave: Nazirhat Bus Stand; mass killing site: Hathazari Madoralaya; memorial monument: Chikondondi (in front of the Chittagong University Arts Building).
Religious institutions Mosque 401, tomb 20, temple 40, pagoda 15, sebaashram 5 and shrine 1.
Population 321004; male 51.62%, female 48.38%; Muslim 88.43%, Hindu 10.03% and Buddhist, Christian and others 1.54%; ethnic nationals: Chakma tribal 402 families.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 48.30%; male 53.90% and female 42.30%.
Educational institutions: university 1, college 7, high school 35, junior school 2, madrasa 112, government primary school 122, non-government primary school 12 and technical school 2.
Noted educational institution: Chittagong University (1961), Hathazari College, Chhipatoli Gawsia Muinia Alia Madrasa, Fatehabad High School and Akbaria High School.
Newspapers and periodicals Present: Hathazari Barta; extinct: Daily East Pakistan, Juger Alo and Srijanshil Sahitya.
Cultural organisations Club 122, museum 1, cinema hall 1, theatre stage 1, theatre group 1, women's organisation 2 and orphanage 20.
Main occupations Agriculture 14.65%, agricultural labourer 7.73%, wage labourer 2.6%, commerce and industry 17.88%, transport 4.68%, service 27.16% and others 19.4%.
Land use Total cultivable land 12723.59 hectares; fallow land 110.89 hectares; single crop 3.62%, double crop 81.81% and treble crop 14.57%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 5202.75 hectares.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 12500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, tomato, peanut, mustard, sweet potato, kitchen vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Wheat, corn, arohor.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 6, poultry 80 and cattle breeding centre 3.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 69 km and mud road 362.25 km; railways 31 km; waterways 14 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Biscuit and bread factory 34, chemical industry 1, welding 53, garment 2, rice and flour mill 59, ice factory 18, saw mill 25, spices mill 13, and pickle industry 4.
Cottage industries Bamboo and cane work 100, goldsmith 50, blacksmith 40, potteries 25, wood work 205 and tailoring 105.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 44, most noted of which are Hathazari Bazar, Nazirhat, Katir Hat, Sarkar Hat, Nandir Hat, Chowdhury Hat, Aman Bazar, and Laliar Hat; fairs: Mandakini Mela (Forhabad), Mirzapur Baishaki Mela, Chikondandy Surjokhola Mela, Rudro Mela.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are World Vision, ASA, Proshika , CARE.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 8, family welfare centre 9, maternity welfare centre 1.