Hatiya Upazila (Noakhali district) with an area of 1508.23 sq km, is surrounded by Noakhali Sadar and Ramgati upazilas on the north, Bay of Bvengal on the south and the east, Manpura upazila on the west.
This upazila consists many big and small Offshore Islands.
Hatiya (Town) consists of three mouzas. It has an area of 25.72 sq km. The town has a population of 8085; male 49.93%, female 50.07%; population density per sq km 314. Literacy rate among the town people is 25.2%.
Administration Hatiya thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. The Upazila consists of 10 unions, 37 mouzas and 69 villages.
Population 295501; male 50.73%, female 49.23%; Muslim 87.16%, Hindu 12.31%, Buddhist 0.16% and others 0.37%; population density per sq km 196.
Religious institutions Mosque 410, temple 14.Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 21%; male 27.2% and female 14.7%.
Educational institutions: government college 1, non-government college 2, government high school 2, non-government high school 23, madrasa 16, government primary school 105, non-government primary school 117.
Cultural organisations Rural club 29, cinema hall 1, playground 22.
Main occupations Agriculture 38.65%, agricultural labourer 24.23%, wage labourer 3.77%, commerce 8.69%, service 3.58%, fishing 5.37% and others 15.71%.
Land use Total cultivable land 28396.2 hectares; fallow land 2815.46 hectares; single land 38%, double crop 46% and treble crop land 16%; cultivable land under irrigation 75%.
Land control Among the peasants, 52.13% are landless, 18% small, 22% intermediate and 7.87% rich; cultivable land per head 0.09 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 6000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal, sugarcane, chilli, varieties of pulses, oil seed, betel leaf and betel nut. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, mustard seed, aus and aman paddy.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, coconut, banana. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 12, hatchery 17.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 380 km, semi pucca 220 km and mud road 800 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Rice mill 125, flour and chilli mill 110, ice factory 12.
Cottage industries Weaving 110, bamboo and cane work 634, blacksmith 37, wood work 193, brass work 14, jute and fabric work 35.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 52, most noted of which are Uchhkhali, Afazia, Tamruddi, Vhaumuhani, Sagaria, Jahajmara and Nalchida Bazar; fair 1.
Main exports Rice, coconut, betel nut, banana, betel leaf, chilli and hilsa fish.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, Proshika, ASA, CARE. Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10.