Jagannathpur Upazila (Sunamganj district) with an area of 368.27 sq km, is surrounded by Chhatak and Sunamganj Sadar upazilas on the north, Nabiganj upazila on the south,Bishanath and Balaganj upazilas on the east, Derai upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Kushiyara and Dahuk. Haors 25, Beels 98; Gazalia Group (35.506 hectares), Pinglar Haor (1821 hectares), Nalua Haor, Paruar Haor (230.769 hectares) are notable.
Jagannathpur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 44 mahallas. It has a population of 34563; male 52.67%, female 47.33%. Literacy rate among the town people is 45.8%. Jagannathpur Municipality was established in 1999. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Jagannathpur thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 9 union parishads, 263 mouzas and 331 villages.
Historical events During the War of liberation, on the 31 August 1971, the local Razakars arranged a so-called peace meeting at Sreeramsi High School compound and arranged a gathering of teachers, officials, Union Parishad members, local elite and a cross section of people. With the help of the Razakars the Pakistani army brutally killed 126 persons by firing on the meeting and the entire village was set on fire. Again on 8 August the Pak Army sacked about 150 shops at Raniganj Bazar and killed 30 innocent civilians.
Marks of War of Liberation Slughter place and mass grave at village Sreeramshi.
Religious institutions Mosque 330, temple 21, tomb 7, most noted of which are Ikardai Jami Mosque, Basudev Mandir.
Population 188139; male 51.13%, female 48.87%. Muslim 88.75%, Hindu 11.10%, Buddhist 0.02%, Christian 0.01%, ethnic nationals 0.07% and others 0.05%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.9%; male 31.7%, female 23.8%.
Educational institutions: college 2, secondary school 22, girl's high school 1, primary school (government) 119, primary school (private) 18, satellite school 10, madrasa 29. Jagannathpur Swarup Chandra High School is a notable old institution.
Cultural organisations Club 20, public library 1, theatre stage 1, theatre group 1, community library 5, women's organisation 30, art school 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 33.42%, fishing 3.58%, agricultural labourer 22.36%, wage labourer 7.92%, commerce 9.11%, construction 1.39%, service 5.69%, house rent 3.31%, others 13.22%
Land use Arable land 22874 hectares, cultivated land 24254 hectares, uncultivated arable 1380 hectares, fallow land 11957 hectares and khas land 132 hectares; single crop 70.80%, double crop 26.55%, triple crop land 2.65%. Land under irrigation 9630 hectares.
Land control Among the peasants 22.9% are landless, 32.7% small, 44.4% intermediate and rich.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Boro, aman and aus paddy. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Broadcast aman paddy.
Main fruits Mango, black berry, jackfruit, banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 41, poultry 39.
Communication Roads: pucca 40.25 km, semi pacca 16.30 km, mud roads 312.84 km; waterways 11 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriages. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct. Manufactories Flour mill 1, ice factory 7, automatic rice mill 7.
Cottage industries Bamboo work 5, goldsmith 45, blacksmith 21, potteries 15, wood work 70, tailoring 20, welding 15.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 25, fair 7; Jagannathpur and Raniganj Bazars, and Basudev Bari Mela are notable. Main exports Fish.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, Social Development Forum (SDF), Masjid Mission, BARD, Swanirvar Bangladesh. Village Community Development Sangstha.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 3, satellite clinic 5, TB clinic (operated by BRAC) 1, leprosy treatment centre (operated by HEED Bangladesh) 1.