Jamalganj Upazila (Sunamganj district) with an area of 338.74 sq km, is surrounded by Tahirpur and Bishwamvarpur upazilas on the north, Khaliajuri and Derai upazilas on the south, Sunamgang Sadar upazila on the east,Mohanganj and Dharmapashaupazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Nawa Gang, Baulai and Dhanu; Pakna Haor and Hail Haor are also notable. Patilachura, Pangna, Lamba, Baska, Chhatidhara and Kachma beels are noted.
Jamalganj (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. It has an area of 11.58 sq km. The town has a population of 14968; male 53.12%, female 46.88%; density of population is 1292 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 26.7%.
Administration Jamalganj thana was established in 1940 and was turned into an upazila in 1984. The upazila consists of 5 union parishads, 96 mouzas and 165 villages. Religious institutions Mosque 23, temple 17.
Population 107771; male 51.75%, female 48.25%; Muslim 78.92%, Hindu 21.00%, Buddhist, Christian and others 0.08%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.1%; male 26.1%, female 13.7%.
Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 10, primary school (government) 63, primary school (private) 54, satellite school 10, madrasa 10. Jamalganj High School (1948) and Vimkhali High School (1958) are notable institutions.
Newspapers and periodicals Periodicals: Dishari (1993), Khudrapat Rudrapran (1998), Sreetir Olinde (1998); extinct- Weekly Vati Bangla, Weekly Jamalganjer Dak and Weekly Jamalganj Parikrama.
Cultural organisations Public library 1, theatre group 1, theatre stage 1, women's organisation 9, peasant co-operative association 91.
Main occupations Agriculture 43.18%, fishing 4.2%, agricultural labourer 28.27%, wage labourer 4.48%, transport 3%, commerce 7.43%, service 2.66%, others 9.78%.
Land use Arable land 23094 hectares; single crop 92.47%, double crop 7.11%, triple crop land 0.42%.
Land control Among the peasants 25% are landless, 45% small, 29% intermediate and 1% rich.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 2000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, chilli and vegetables. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tobacco, mustard seed, jute.
Main fruits Mango, black berry, jackfruit, banana and papaya.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 16 km, mud road 110 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, Patam and Gosti boat. These means of transport are extinct of nearly extinct.
Manufactories Flour mill 5, ice factory 4.
Cottage industries Cane work 1, bamboo work 10, goldsmith 12, blacksmith 15, wood work 60, tailoring 60, welding 12.
Main hats, bazars and fairs Sachna and Vimkhali Hat and Sumeshwari Mela are notable.
NGO activities Brac, CARE, BAOPA, CNRS, Vision 2000.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 2, and satellite clinic 1.