Jamalpur Sadar Upazila (Jamalpur district) with an area of 489.56 sq km, is surrounded by Sherpur Sadar upazila on the north, Madhupur and Muktagacha upazila on the south, Muktagachha upazila on the east, Melandaha and Sarishabari upazilas on the west. 

Main rivers are old Brahmaputra , Banar, Madardhaw. 

Jamalpur (Town) consists of 12 wards and 80 mahallas. The municipality was established in 1869. The area of the town is 53.28 sq km. The town has a population of 116754; male 51.06%, female 48.94%. Density of population is 2191 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 43.60%. It has a railway junction and three dakbungalows. 

Administration Jamalpur Sadar thana was established in 1853 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 12 wards, 19 union parishads, 376 mouzas and 333 villages in the upazila. 

Archaeological heritage and relics Tomb of Hazrat Shah Jamal (R) and Mayamayee Mandir. 

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 1, mass killing site 1, memorial 1. 

Population 501924; male 51.47%, female 48.53%; Muslim 97.70%, Hindu 2.10%, Buddhist, Christian and others 0.20%. 

Religious institutions Mosque 782, temple 16, church 7, pagoda 1, tomb 2 and place of pilgrimage 1; most noted tomb of Hazrat Shah Jamal (R). 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.6%; male 32.8% and female 22.1%. 

Educational institutions: college 8, law college 1, government high school 43, non-government high school 70, madrasa 99, vocational training institute 1, computer training centre 28, primary training institute 1, government primary school 240 and non-government primary school 277. 

Noted educational institutions: Nandina Maharani Hemanta Kumari Pilot High School (1935), Government Ashek Mahmud College (1946).

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Janabangla, Weeklies: Sachetan Kantha, Jhenai, Urmee Bangla, Jamalpur Barta, Kakakal, Mukta Alo. 

Cultural organisations Rural club 67, public library 1, cinema hall 6, theatre stage 1, opera party 10, theatre group 13, literary society 4, women's organisation 10, playground 58. 

Main occupations Agriculture 42.06%, fishing 1.29%, agricultural labourer 21.5%, wage labourer 3.35%, commerce 11.42%, construction 1.28%, service 6.24%, transport 3.07% and others 9.79%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 39108 hectares, fallow land 9699 hectares; single crop11.69%, double crop 67.06% and treble crop 21.25%; cultivable land under irrigation 68.80%. 

Land control Among the peasants 22% are landless, 33% small, 29% intermediate and 16% rich; cultivable land per head is 0.10 hectare. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, mustard seed, potato, onion, garlic sweet potato, brinjal, betel leaf and mulberry. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, arahar and kaun.

Main fruits Mango, banana, litchi, pineapple, ata, (custard-apple), kul, coconut, jackfruit and papaya. 

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 34, dairy 14, poultry 32, hatchery 4. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 123.56 km, semi pucca 185 km, mud road 1146 km; waterways 86 nautical mile; railways 48.46 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. 

Manufactories Oil mill 10, ice factory 8, rice and flour mill 75, welding 69. 

Cottage industries Leather work 3, blacksmith 43, potteries 5, goldsmith 112, wood work 157 and tailoring 219. 

Main hats, bazars and fairs Main hats, bazars and fairs are Nandina, Anandaganj, Narundi Bazar, Kendua, Hazipur Bazar, Dayamayee Mela and Gopalpur Mela. 

Main exports Jute, leather, onion, garlic, betel leaf, pineapple, potato, brinjal. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, FHD, ARD, Gaous, and Brikkha Ropan (tree plantation). 

Health centres Government hospital 1, satellite clinic 10, community clinic 60, maternity 1, diabetic hospital 1, leprosy clinic 1, TB clinic.