Jessore Sadar Upazila (Jessore district) with an area of 432.82 sq km, is surrounded by Kaliganj (Jhenaidaha) and Bagherpara upazilas on the north,Abhaynagar and Manirampur upazilas on the south, Bagherpara and Narail Sadar upazilas on the east and Jhikarghacha upazila on the west.
Noted rivers are Bhairab and Mukteshwari; beel 3.
Jessore (Town) stands on the Bhairab, consists of 9 wards and 73 mahalls. Jessore municipality was established in 1864. The area of the town is 25.72 sq km. The town has a population of 1178273; male 52.97%, female 47.03%. Literacy rate among the town people is 56.57%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Jessore Sadar upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 15 union parishads, 317 mouzas and 177 villages. Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the Chanchara Rajbari, Kali Mandir, remnants of the palace of Raja Patal Bhedi at Sheikhati (Pala and Sena period), Bigraha of Bhubeneshwari Devi built by Laskan Sen at Sheikhati, Imam Bari built by Haji Muhammad Muhsin at Murli.
Historical events The Bangali soldiers posted at Jessore cantonment revolted against the Pak army on 29 March 1971 led by Capt Hafiz Uddin and Lt Anwar in which about 300 soldiers were killed. The freedom fighters killed 50 Pak soldiers by machine gun at Chanchara.
Marks of the War of Liberation War of liberation memorial collection1.
Population 530582; male 52.85%, female 47.15%; Muslim 89.42%, Hindu 10.26% and others 0.32%.
Religious institutions Mosque 713, temple 50, church 6, tomb 5, most noted of which are Markas Mosque (Newmarket), Catholic Church and Marua Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 44.2%; male 51.5% and female 35.9%.
Educational institutions: college 16, high school 74, madrasa 8, government primary school 176, non-government primary school 51, polytechnic institute 1.
Noted educational institutions: Michael Madhusudan University College, Dawood Public School, etc.
Cultural organisations Club 37, theatre group 5, theatre stage 4, cinema hall 7, public library 2, women's organisation 12, playground 106.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Runner, Dainik Lok Samaj, Dainik Desh Hitoishi, Dainik Purabi, Dainik Kalyan (extinct).
Main occupations Agriculture 24.18%, agricultural labourer 17.85%, wage labourer 3.41%, commerce 18.51%, service 17.31%, industry 1.49%, transport 6.01% and others 11.24%.
Land use Total cultivable land 32396.6 hectares; fallow land 165 hectares; single crop 22%, double crop 75% and treble crop 3%. Cultivable land under irrigation 85%.
Land control Among the peasants 14% are landless, 45% small, 36% intermediate and 5% rich; cultivable land per head 0.06 hectare.
Land value Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, cotton, vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local varieties of paddy, tobacco.
Main fruits Date, jackfruit, papaya, banana, litchi and coconut. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 199, dairy 6, hatchery 24 and fishery 46.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 219.5 km, semi pucca 37 km and mud road 453 km; waterways 5 nautical mile; railways 35 km; airport 1.
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Textile mill 1, ball pen factory 1, comb & button factory 1, plastic factory 6, steel mill 4, biscuit factory 2, ice factory 2, oil mill 32, spices mill 24, rice mill 108, welding 53, lathe machine 4.
Cottage industries Weaving 1667, bamboo work 10, goldsmith 76, blacksmith 150, potteries 35, wood work 67, tailoring 107.
Main hats, bazars Main hats and bazars are 55, most noted of which are Hashem Bazar, Rajar Hat, Puler Hat and Churamankathi.
Main exports Cotton, jute, leather, jackfruit, banana, comb and date molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, Proshika Jagarani Chakra, Alo, Samaj Kalyan Sangstha, Bachte Shekha and Nijera Kari.
Health centres Hospital, 2, upazila health complex 1, health and family planning centre 15, private clinic 11.