Jhenaidaha Sadar Upazila (Jhenaidaha district) with an area of 467.75 sq km, is surrounded by Harinakunda and Shailkupa upazilas on the north, Kaliganj (Jhenaidaha) and Salikha upazilas on the south, Magura Sadar upazila on the east, Kotchandpur and Chudanga Sadar upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Begabati, Nabaganga.
Jhenaidaha (Town) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas. The area of the town is 39.63 sq km. The town has a population of 86635; male 52.55%, female 47.45%; density of population per sq km is 2186. Literacy rate among the town people is 48.9%.
Administration Jhenaidaha thana was established in 1793 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 17 union parishads, 294 mouzas and 283 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Naldangar Rajar Bari, tomb of Pagla Kanai (Begabari), Dhol Samudra Pukur.
Population 333192; male 51.46%, female 48.54%; Muslim 86.29%, Hindu 13.65% and others 0.06%; ethnic nationals: Buno and Bagdi 955 families. Religious institutions Mosque 435, temple 3 and church 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.5%; male 34.8% and female 19.8%.
Educational institutions: college 7, cadet college 1, high school 36, girl's high school 1, junior high school 3, madrasa 89, government primary school 98, non-government primary school 87 and technical training institute 1.
Noted educational institutions: Government KC College (1960), Cadet College (1963), Jhenaidaha Government High School (1877), Government Girl's School, Wazir Ali High School (1903), Kanchannagar Model High School.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Jhenaidaha, Daily Adhibeshan, Daily Jhenaidaha Bani, Weekly Aunirvan and Bir Darpan.
Cultural organisations Club 30, public library 2, cinema hall 5, theatre stage 1, theatre group 7, women's society 41.
Main occupations Agriculture 46.42%, agricultural labourer 19.52%, wage labourer 3.91%, transport 2.65%, commerce 12.55%, service 6.61% and others 8.34%.
Land use Total cultivable land 4500 hectares, fallow land 9901.25 hectares; single crop 62.08%, double crop 35.92% and treble crop land 2%.
Land control Among the peasants 15.65% are landless, 42.75% small, 37.88% intermediate and 3.72% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, potato and vegetables. Date molasses of this upazila is famous. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, sweet potato, indigo and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi and papaya. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 23, poultry 46.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 63 km, semi pucca 58 km, mud road 646 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Total numbers of manufactories 186, including dal mill, ice factory, oil mill, rice mill flour mill, etc.
Cottage industries Weaving 176, crafts and fabrics 245, potteries 158, ironsmith 138.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 38, most noted of which are Jhenaidaha, Hat Gopalpur, Bhatai, Tetul Tala, Bisoikhali, Narikelbaria and Madhupur.
Main exports Paddy, jute, banana, onion, garlic, betel leaf and date molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Dipshikha, and Sreejani.
Health centres Zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, eye hospital 1, family welfare centre 1, diabetic hospital 1, child hospital, maternity centre 1, and satellite clinic 1.