Jhenaigati Upazila (Sherpur district) with an area of 231 sq km, is surrounded by the Meghalaya State of India on the north, Sherpur Sadar and Sreebardi upazilas on the south, Nalita Bari upazila on the east, Sreebardi upazila on the west. 

Main rivers are Shomeshwari, Maharashi and Subarnakhali.

Jhenaigati (Town) consists of 2 mouzas. The area of the town is 1.78 sq km. It has a population of 4304; male 50.91%, female 49.09%. The density of population is 2417 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 36.5%. 

Administration Jhenaigati thana was established in 1975 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of four union parishads, 75 mouzas and 87 villages.Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 1, memorial monument 1.

Population 139732; male 51%, female 49%; Muslim 82%, Hindus 8%, Christians 10%; Garo and Hajong ethnic nationals 1072 families.

Religious institutions Mosque 220, temple 5, church 8. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 17.8%, male 23.5% and female 12.1%. 

Educational institutions: college 2, high school 16, madrasa 75, government primary school 44, non-government primary school 44, kinder garten school 2, satellite school 25, tailoring college 1. 

Noted educational institution: Malijikandha High School (1948). Cultural organisations Club 22, library 1, cinema hall 2, stadium 1, press club 1, playground 8.

Main occupations Agriculture 48.21%, commerce 7.73%, service 2.19%, agricultural labourer 27.36%, fishing and carpenter 2.36%, wage labourer 2.05%, transport 1.14% and others 8.42%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 14078.10 hectares; fallow land 2276.01 hectares; single crop 23%, double crop 67% and treble crop land 10%; land under irrigation 78%. 

Land control Among the peasants 32% are landless, 29% small, 27% intermediate and 12% rich; cultivable land per head 0.14 hectare. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard seed, potato, onion, garlic and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute and varieties of pulse. 

Main fruits Banana, jackfruit and papaya. 

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 11, poultry 12, fishery 21, hatchery 3. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 37.59 km, semi pucca 3.32 km, mud road 229.97 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. 

Manufactories Flour mill 4, oil mill 5, welding 25, saw mill 12, ice factory 8. 

Cottage industries Bamboo work 170, blacksmith 22, goldsmith 32, potteries 57, wood work 20, tailoring 192. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 25, most noted are Jhenaigati, Dhanshile, Tin Ani; fairs 4. 

Main exports Paddy, rice, vegetables, stone and sand. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac,Proshika, Grameen Bank World Vision, SDS, Rangtia Satata Samchay, Rindan Samity and Didar Sangha. 

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7, satellite health centre 1.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 63 km, semi pucca 58 km, mud road 646 km. Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat. 

Manufactories Total numbers of manufactories 186, including dal mill, ice factory, oil mill, rice mill flour mill, etc. 

Cottage industries Weaving 176, crafts and fabrics 245, potteries 158, ironsmith 138. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 38, most noted of which are Jhenaidaha, Hat Gopalpur, Bhatai, Tetul Tala, Bisoikhali, Narikelbaria and Madhupur. 

Main exports Paddy, jute, banana, onion, garlic, betel leaf and date molasses. 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Dipshikha, and Sreejani. 

Health centres Zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, eye hospital 1, family welfare centre 1, diabetic hospital 1, child hospital, maternity centre 1, and satellite clinic 1.