Jhikargachha Upazila (Jessore district) with an area of 307.28 sq km, is surrounded by Chaughacha upazila on the north, Kalaroa upazila on the south, Jessore Sadar and Manirampur upazilas on the east, Sharsha upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Kobadak, Betna.
Jhikargachha (Town) stands on the bank of the Koabadak, consists of 9 wards and 14 mahallas. The Jhikargachha Municipality was established in 1988. The area of the town is 16.34 sq. km. The town has a population of 27823; male 50.88%, female 49.12%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48.3%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Jhikargachha thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 11 unions, 164 mouzas and 179 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the Rajbari of Mukut Roy at Laujani (12th century), Dargah of Gazi Kalu.
Historical events Jhikargachha is named after the idogo planter Jhinkar. Bir Shresta Nur Muhammad Sheikh was killed on 5 September 1971 at village Goal Hat in an encounter with the Pak army. In April 1971 many people were killed and wounded when the Pak army attacked Krishnapur.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorials 1, mass killing site 1.
Population 235882; male 51.24%, female 48.76%; Muslim 93%, Hindu 5.72% and others 128%.
Religious institutions Mosque 305, temple 17 and church 4, most noted of which are Kayem Kola Mosque, Gadkhali Kali Mandir.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.7%; male 35.3% and female 20.1%.
Educational institutions: college 5, high school 32, madrasa 14, government primary school 72, non-government primary school 39.
Cultural organisations Club 58, theatre group 5, cinema hall 3, public library 3, opera party 1, playground 2.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly Kabadakh (extinct).
Main occupations Agriculture 43.85%, agricultural labourer 29.33%, wage labourer 2.71%, commerce 10.47%, service 3.56%, industry 1.58%, transport 2.21% and others 6.29%.
Land use Total cultivable land 23464.18 hectares; fallow land 93.08 hectares; single crop 1.27%, double crop 75.92% and treble crop 22.81%. Cultivable land under irrigation 87.27%.
Land control Among the peasants 26% are landless, 53% small, 20% intermediate and 1% rich.
Land value Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, potato, cotton, betel nut, tuberose. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Varieties of pulse.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya and coconut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 42, dairy 25, hatchery 5 and fishery 26.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 45 km, semi pucca 40 km and mud road 870 km; waterways 28 nautical mile; railways 15.5 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Cold storage 2, bidi factory 1.
Cottage industries Weaving 350, goldsmith 115, blacksmith 170, potteries 45, wood work 350, tailoring 476, and welding 89.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 36, most noted of which are Jhikargachha Cattle Market, Chhutipur, Kayemkola and Bankra and Gadkhali; fair 1.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, RRC, RCRO.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, health and family planning centre 11, satellite clinic 2.