Joypurhat Sadar Upazila (Joypurhat district) with an area of 238.54 sq km, is surrounded by Panchbibi upazila on the north, Khetlal, Akkelpul and Badalghachi upazilas on the south, Kalai and Khetlal upazilas on the east, Damurhuda upazila and West Bengal (India) on the west.
Main rivers are Little Jamuna, Tulsi Ganga, Chhiri and Harbati.
Joypurhat (Town) consists of 9 wards and 48 mahallas. The area of the town is 18.53 km. The town has a population of 56323; male 51.60%, female 48.40%. Literacy rate among the town people is 51.4%. It has a circuit house and a dakbungalow.
Administration Joypurhat thana, now an upazila, was established in 1918. It consists of one municipality, 8 union parishads, 9 wards, 198 mouzas and 192 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberation, on 26 April 1971, the Pakistani army in collaboration with their local agents (Razakars, Al-Badar) brutally killed 371 persons of village Barai-Kadirpur (predominantly Hindu inhabitants) of Bamba union.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 1, memorial 1. Population 225271; male 52%, female 48%; Muslim 86.06%, Hindu 11.97%, Christian 0.29%, Tribal and others 1.97%.
Religious institutions Mosque 425, temple 46, church 8 and holy place 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 33.1%; male 40.2% and female 25.2%.
Educational institutions: college 7, law college 1, secondary school 26, lower secondary school 5, primary school 99, madrasa 45.
Noted educational institutions: Khanjanpur High School (1917), Khanjanpur Mission High School (1916), and Ramdeo Bajla High School (1946).
Cultural organisations Club 102, press club 2, public library 4, drama group 2, cinema hall 5, literary society 1, Silpakala Academy 1, women's organisation 2, Shishu Academy 1 and auditorium 1.
Locally published Newspaper & Periodicals Extinct: weekly Abhijan, weekly Joypurhat Barta, weekly Bangadharani and daily Nabanna.
Main occupations Agriculture 48.71%, agricultural labourer 20%, wage labourer 1.76%, industry 1.05%, commerce 11.38%, transport 2.15%, construction 1.01%, service 7.21%, others 6.73%.
Land use Cultivable land 20390 hectares, fallow land 3223 hectares; single crop 5%, double crop 57% and treble crop land 38%; land under irrigation 71%.
Land control Among the peasants 55% are landless, 29% small, 14% intermediate and 2% rich; land per head 0.12 hectares.
Value of land The market value of first grade land is between Tk 5000 to 7000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, sugarcane, mustard seed, patal and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, bona aman. Main fruits
Mango, jackfruit, litchi, coconut, banana, papaya and palmyra.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 35, dairy 12, poultry 35 and hatchery 3.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 38 km, semi pucca 8.1 km, mud road 773 km, railways 13.5 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Sugar mill 1, limestone and cement factory 1, rice mill 4, flour mill 3. Cottage industries Bamboo work 257, goldsmith 40, blacksmith 28, potteries 105.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 23, most noted of which are Durgadaha, Joypurhat, Puranpail, Dargatali, Helkunda and Khanjanpur; fair 1 (Teghariya).
Main exports Potato, banana, patal and vegetables.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, BRAC, Caritas , TMSS, Jaks.
Health centres Zila hospital 1, union health centre 6, and satellite health centre 1.