Kahaloo Upazila (Bogra district) with an area of 238.79 sq km, is surrounded by Shibganj and Bogra Sadar upazilas on the north, Nandigram, on the south, Bogra Sadar on the east, Adamdighi and Dup chanchia upazilas on the west.
Main river is Nagar; marshy land 1556.17 hectares.
Kahaloo (Town) consists of 3 mouzas. It has an area of 5.51 sq km. The town has a population of 8104; male 51.43%, female 48.57%; density of population is 1471 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 39.2%.
Administration Kahaloo thana was established in 1928 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of nine union parishads, 161 mouzas and 265 villages.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument at the premise of Kahaloo High School. Religious institutions Mosque 450, temple 21, tomb 4.
Population 183230; male 50.31%, female 49.29%; Muslim 92.34%, Hindu 6.83%, others 0.83%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 27.3%; male 35.5%, female 19.1%.
Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 14, junior high school 4, primary school (government) 73, primary school (non-government) 35, satellite school 1, NGO operated literacy centre 110, madrasa 53.
Notable educational institution: Kahaloo High School (1873)
Cultural organisations Club 72, cinema hall 2, public library 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 53.07%, agricultural labourer 21.91%, wage labourer 1.32%, commerce 10.47%, service 3.58%, transport 2.07%, others 7.58%.
Land use Single crop land 11.50%, double crop land 72.34% and treble crop land 16.16%.
Land control Among the peasants 37.91% are landless, 20% small peasant, 40% intermediate and 2.09% rich.
Value of land Market value of first grade arable land about Tk 4500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, chilli. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Aman rice (nearly extinct).
Main fruits Mango, black berry, date, palm, banana.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 11, hatchery 8, dairy 20, poultry 24.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 40 km and mud road 418 km; railway 15 km; rail station 2.
Manufactories Rice mill 110.
Cottage industries Bamboo and cane work, jute and wood work and potteries.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, most noted of which are Malkar Hat, Jamgram, Durgapur, Valsun Hat, Goabisha, Iroil Hat; fairs 9, noted of which are Dhakontala Khabashpur, Pathara and Bara Pukuria mela.
Main exports Paddy, fish, rice, date molasses.
NGO activities BRAC, TMSS, ECD.
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family welfare centre 8, veterinary centre 3.