Kalia Upazila (Narail district) with an area of 317.64 sq km, is surrounded by Narail Sadar and Lohagara upazilas on the north, Terokhada, Mollahat, and Dighalia upazilas on the south,Gopalganj Sadar upazila on the east, Abhaynagar and Narail sadar upazilas on the west.
Main rivers are Nabaganga, Madhumati and Atharobanki, depressions 21 most noted of which are Baranal, Chanchuri and Pateshwari Beels.
Kalia (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 19 mahallas. The area of the town is 30.91 sq km. It has a population of 17694; male 50.42%, female 49.58%; population density per sq km 572. Literacy rate among the town people is 32%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Kalia thana, now an upazila, was established in 1866. The upazila consists of one municipality, 12 union parishads, 111 mouzas and 184 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics One domed Mosque at Kadamtala (Mughal period), abandoned building at village Parulia (built by the Portuguese) and ancient under ground buildings at village Araji Bansh (seventh century).
Historical events A fierce battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army (stationed at Kalia High School and dakbungalow) from 8 December to 10 December 1971. In this battle three members of Pak army and seven Razakars were killed and so were three freedom fighters.
Population 196747; male 50.58%, female 49.58%; Muslim 76.72%; Hindu 23.27% and Christian 0.01%.
Religious institutions Mosque 293, temple 77, tomb 3 and church 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 31.9%; male 38.4% and female 25.3%.
Educational institutions: college 2, high school 24, madrasa 7, government primary school 91, non-government primary school 53, satellite school 10, kindergarten 1.
Noted educational institutions: Kalia Pilot High School (1865), Baraipara Primary School (1850) and Babra Primary School (1895).
Cultural organisations Club 22, public library 1, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 12, theatre party 5 and literary society 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 43.64%, fishing 2.48%, agricultural labourer 19.39%, wage labourer 2.15%, industry 1.57% commerce 13.42%, service 6.98%, transport 2.02%, and others 8.35%.
Land use Total cultivable land 21157 hectares, fallow land 728 hectares; single crop 34.62%, double crop 44.1% and treble crop land 21.28%; land under irrigation 18.51%.
Land control Among the peasants 14.40% are landless, 25.85% marginal, 31.61% small, 21% intermediate and 7.15% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, sweet potato, betel leaf and sesame. Extinct or nearly extinct crop Indigo, kaun, china and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, coconut, safeda, futi (a variety of melon) and guava. Poultries 67.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 73.80 km, semi pucca 17 km and mud road 311 km; waterways 60 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Rice mill 15, saw mill 7, ice factory 5, welding 15.
Cottage industries Weaving 35, bamboo work 118, wood work 58, goldsmith 38, blacksmith 26, potteries 55, tailoring 190.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 16, most noted of which are Kalia, Yogania, Baradia, Chachuri and Peroli Hat; fairs 4, most noted of which are Charak Puja Mela (Kalia) and Rath Mela (Kalia). Main exports Coconut, betel leaf and date molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. ASA, GRAMEEN BANK, Pradipan, Jagarani Chakra.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 12 and satellite clinic 1.