Kaliganj Upazila (Lalmonirhat district) with an area of 236.96 sq km, is surrounded by Hatibandha upazila and West Bengal of India on the north, Gangachara and Kishoregonj (Lalmonirhat) upazilas on the south, Aditmari upazila on the east and Jal Dhaka upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Tista and Trimohani; depressions: 18, most noted of which are Gegra Beel and Kamlar Beel.
Kaliganj (Town) consists of three mouzas. The area of the town is 10.22 sq km. It has a population of 14163; male 51.73%, female 48.27%. The population density is 1385 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 30.03%.
Administration Kaliganj thana was established in 1913 and was turned into an upazila in 1982. The upazila consists of 8 union parishads, 164 mouzas and 88 villages.
Archaeological relics and monuments Rajbari of Maharaja Mohimaranjan, Tusharbhandar Rajbari, Sambhusagar, the house and statue of Daribabu.
Historical events Main historical events of the upazila include invasion of Kuchbihar by the Mughal in 1687; peasant rebellion led by Nuraldin, Fakir-Sannyasi rebellion and the peasant movement in the 1940. During the War of Liberation the main mass killing site of Lalmonirhat district was at Votemari of this upazila where hundreds of Bangalis were killed by the Pak army.
Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site: in front of the house of Freedom fighter Sirajul Haque (to the east of Votemari Railway Station); mass grave: at a place adjacent to the K U P Degree College; memorial monument "Chiranjibi (eternal) Kaliganj" at the compound of K.U.P. High School.
Population 198108; male 51.47%, female 48.52%; Muslim 78.43%, Hindu 21.17%; Christian 0.12%, Buddhist 0.04% and others 0.24%.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 31%; male 39.8%, female 23%.
Educational institutions: college 6, government high school 2, non-government high school 17, government primary school 58, non-government primary school 72, madrasa 7, vocational high school 1, computer training centre 1.
Noted institutions: Madanpur Bairati Primary School (1865), Kakina Mahima Ranjan Memorial Bilateral High School (1901).
Cultural organisations Club 50, cultural society 1, public library 2, cinema hall 3, theatre stage 1, cooperative society 262, women's organisation 4.
Religious institutions Mosque 559, temple 47, church 1.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Weekly Rangapur Dikprakash (1848); monthly Bashana (1908) both of which are now extinct.
Main occupations Agriculture 52.35%, agricultural labourer 26.24%, wage labourer 3.15%, commerce 7.39%, services 2.85% and others 8.02%.
Land use Cultivable land 23700 hectares; single crop 10%, double crop 75%, treble crop land 15%; land under irrigation 78%.
Land control Among the peasants 28% are landless, 26% small, 32% intermediate and 14% rich; cultivable land per head 0.12%.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, tobacco, jute, potato, brinjal and ginger. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, aus paddy, barley, dal (pulse) and bazra.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, papaya and watermelon. Fisheries, poultries Fishery 44, poultry 17.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 32 km, semi pucca 0.9 km, mud road 350 km; railways 40 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.
Manufactories Flour mill 2, ice factory 3, saw mill 10 and welding 22.
Cottage industries Weaving 26, bidi 2, potteries 33, blacksmith 25, tailoring 315, wood work 185, goldsmith 18, bamboo work 225, candle making 1.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, most noted of which are Chaparhat and Chamtarhat; fairs 7 of which the most noted is the Cowaghat Mela.
Main exports Tobacco, paddy and flour.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac. ASA, Proshika, Grameen Bank, Care, Hitoshi Bangladesh.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 4.