Kaliganj Upazila ( Jhenaidaha district) with an area of 303.53 sq km, is surrounded by Jhenaidaha Sadar upazila on the north, Jessore Sadar and Chudanga upazilas on the south, Salikha and Bagherpara upazilas on the east, Kotchandpur and Chugachha upazila on the west.
Main rivers are Chitra, Bhairab, Begabati. Main baors (depressions) are Morjat, Sarjat, Sako, Barfa and Simla Baor. Noted beels are Uttar (Magura-Tattipur), Dighar, Arua Salva and Tentul Beel.
Kaliganj (Town) a municipal town, consists of 9 wards and 20 mahallas. The area of the town is 16.49 sq km. The town has a population of 36779, male 53.51% and female 46.49%; population density per sq km is 2230. Literacy rate among the town people is 43.9%.
Administration Kaliganj thana was established in 1863 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 11 union parishads, 188 mouzas and 214 villages.
Archaeological heritage and relics Banyan tree (250 years old) at Bethuli (Shuitala) 6 km on the east of Kaliganj upazila sadar. This tree is known to be the biggest banyan tree in Asia. Many archaeological relics of the Sultanate period have been discovered at Barobazar of this upazila. These include Ghorar Mosque; Jore Bangla Mosque, Jore Bangla Dighi (ninth century AH); Galakata Mosque; Monohar Mosque; Nungola Mosque; Pir Pukur Mosque; Cheragdani Mosque; 36 domed Satgachhia Mosque; Shukkur Mallick Mosque; Badedihi Mosque. Besides, Ghoper Dhibi and Ghazir Dhibi are notable. Ancient dighis (ponds) include Rajmatar Dighi, Sawdagar Dighi, Pir Pukur, Mirer Pukur, Ghoramari Pukur, Cheragdani Pukur, Panch Pir Dighi, Jal Dhala Dighi and Sreeram Raja Dighi. On the south bank of the Sreeram Raja Dighi there exist graves of Gazi, Kalu and Champabati side by side.
Historical events Barobazar (ancient name Gangadidhi) had been a famous port of India. From this port prabal and Muslin used to be exported. On 13 April 1971 a battle was fought between Pak army and the freedom fighters at Mandartala of Mahishati Village in which about 100 members of the Pak army were killed and so were 20 freedom fighters.
The freedom fighters retreated and took shelter at Dulalmudia next day. The Pak army attacked them from the behind and killed 150 to 200 freedom fighters.
Population 219126; male 51.76%, female 48.24%; Muslim 81.46%, Hindu 18.25%, Buddhist 0.02% and Christian 0.27%.
Religious institutions Mosque 288, temple 75 and church 4.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.7%; male 31.1% and female 21.6%.
Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 40, madrasa 10, government primary school 66, non-government primary school 66, low cost primary school 6 and satellite primary school 6.
Noted educational institutions: Naldanga Bhusan Pilot High School (1882), Barobazar High School (1937), Kaliganj Government Primary School (1905), Raigram Banikanta Secondary School (1920), Mahtab Uddin Degree College, Panch Kahunia High School, Kola High School.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Nabachitra.
Cultural organisations Club 1, social and cultural organisations 29, orphanage 3, cinema hall 3 and women's society 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 42.78%, agricultural labourer 24.64%, wage labourer 3.08%, industry 1.39%, transport 2.87%, commerce 12.28%, service 5.79% and others 7.17%.
Land use Total land 30354.76 hectares; single crop 14%, double crop 56% and treble crop land 30%; cultivable land under irrigation 51%.
Land control Among the peasants 19% are landless, 49% small, 26% intermediate and 6% rich; cultivable land per head 0.11 hectare.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 6500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, mustard seed, sesame, brinjal, onion, garlic and vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, tobacco, barley, kaun, sola and khesari.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, guava, black berry and jamrul. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 35, poultry 44, dairy 24.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 62 km, semi pucca 50 km, mud road 430 km; railways 16 km; waterways 8 nautical miles.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.
Manufactories Sugar mill 1, textile mill 2 (extinct), ice factory 7, rice mill 30, oil mill 5, flour mill 1, dal (pulse) mill 3, saw mill 30, welding 25.
Cottage industries Weaving 400, bamboo and cane work 323, goldsmith 110, blacksmith 85, potteries 55, wood work 90 and wheel making (bullock cart) 24.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 31, most noted of which are Kaliganj, Barobazar, Kola, Baliadangha, Chaprail, Kala and Tattipur Bazar; fairs 2 (Baishaki Mela (Barpha), Shashan Mela (Angit). Main exports Paddy, jute, banana, vegetables, sugar, betel leaf and date, molasses.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank, CSS, Srejani, Welfare, Paradise, Unnayan Dhara and Atma Biswas.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health & family welfare centre 8, satellite clinic 2 and veterinary hospital 1.