Kanaighat Upazila (Sylhet district) with an area of 412 sq km, is surrounded by Meghalaya (India) on the north, Beanibazar and Zakiganj upazilas on the south, Meghalaya (India) on the east, Jaintiapur and Golabganj upazilas on the west.
Main river is Surma ; Jalmahal 72. Notable Beels are Amri, Manika, Chatal, Rowa.
Kanaighat (Town) consists of 5 mouzas. It has an area of 3.36 sq km; population 4590; male 53.7%, female 46.3%; density of population is 1366 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people 31.5%. The town has one dakbungalow.
Administration Kanaighat thana was established in 1932 and was turned into an upazila in 1980. The upazila consists of 9 union parishads, 252 mouzas and 288 villages.
Historical events The annual Jalsha of the Kanaighat Madrasa was fixed on 23 March 1922. The British government imposed ban on the jalsha and declared 144 in and around the place. The organisers violated the 144 and the mob attacked the Commissioner. In this encounter six persons died and 38 injured by police firing. This is known as 'Kanaighater Larai' (fight at Kanaighat).
Religious institutions Mosque 471, temple 14, church 2. Kanaighat Jami Mosque and Mangalpur Presbyterian Church are notable.
Population 178654; male 50.49%, female 49.51%; Muslim 95%, Hindu 4.10%, Christian 0.2%, and tribal 0.3%; ethnic nationals: Khasi (about 30 family).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 41.85%; male 50%, female 33.7%.
Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 10, primary school (government) 91, primary school (non-government) 20, madrasa 37. Jhingabari Senior Madrasa (1882), Kanaighat Mansuria Senior Madrasa (1889), Gachbari Jamiul Ullum Aalia Madrasa (1901), Chotodesh High School (1948) are notable educational institutions.
Cultural organazation Rural club 6, playground 4.
Main occupations Agriculture 44.28%, fishing 3.36%, agricultural labourer 17.32%, wage labourer 9.39%, commerce 6.69%, service 4.17% and others 14.79%.
Land use Arable land 24686.36 hectares, uncultivated 15633.35 hectares; forest 690.81 hectares, tea gardens 3.
Land control Among the peasants 36% are landless, 29% marginal, 20% intermediate and 15% rich; cultivable land per head 0.14 hectares.
Value of land Market value of the first grade agricultural land is about Tk 2500 to 5000 (per 0.01 hectare).
Main crops Paddy, tea, potato, cassia leaf, betel nut, betel leaf. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tobacco and jute.
Main fruits Jackfruit, pineapple, lemon. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 18, dairy 26 and poultry 28.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 40 km, mud road 122 km
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Cottage industries Goldsmith 30, blacksmith 85, potteries 125.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 13, fair 3; Kanaighat and Jingabari Bazars are notable.
Main exports Tea, cassia leaf, betel leaf.
NGO activities Brac, ASA, Grameen Bank,
Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 1, family planning satellite clinic 9.