Kapasia Upazila (Gazipur district) with an area of 356.98 sq km, is surrounded by Gaffargaon and Pakundia upazilas on the north, Kaliganj (Gazipur) and Palash upazilas on the south, Monohardi and Shibpur upazilas on the east, Sreepur upazila on the west.
Madhuri Beel, Baniar Beel, Buri Beel and Suti Khal are notable. Main rivers are Shitalakshya, old Brahmaputra and Banar.
Kapasia (Town) consists of 2 mouzas. The area of the town is 1.74 sq km. It has a population of 4292; male 52.8%, female 47.2%. The density of population is 2467 per sq km. The literacy rate among the town people is 59.5%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Kapasia thana, now an upazila, was established in 1947. The upazila consists of 11 union parishads, 166 mouzas and 231 villages.
Archaeological heritage Tok Fort (built in the 6th century), Karnapur Fort (built by king Karna in 1045), Jora Dighi (joint tanks), Dargapara Shahi Jami Mosque (Tok), Ashram of Bangshi Babaji (at Safaisri) and Raniganj Fort (Mughal period).
Historical events The combined force of the BARA BHUIYAN led by ISA KHAN built up resistance in the area against MANSINGH, the general of AKBAR resulting a fierce battle.
Marks of War of Liberation Memorial statue in front of the Kapasia Muktijoddha Sangsad.
Religious institutions Mosque 594, temple 40.
Population 303710; male 50.83%, female 49.17%; Muslim 94.03%, Hindu 5.88% and others are 0.09%; ethnic nationals: Santals, Koches, Rajbangshis and Mandis (about 60 families).
Literacy rate Average literacy 37%; male 40.2%, female 32.6%.
Newspapers and periodicals Shitalakshya (weekly), Raktakta Lash (a periodical).
Cultural organisations Club 22, public library 1, cinema hall 1, theatre group 3.
Main occupations Agriculture 66.48%, agricultural labourer 11.93%, wage labourer 1.8%, commerce 6.95%, service 4.27%, others 10.37%.
Land use Cultivable land 23807.37 hectares, fallow land 105.96% hectares; single crop 37.76%, double crop 51.25% and treble crop land 10.99%. Land under irrigation 20%.
Land control Among the peasants 28.18% are landless, 20% marginal, 35.5% intermediate, 16.32% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare.
Value of land The market value of first grade agricultural land is Tk.12000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, sweet potato, sugarcane, oil seeds. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo and betel leaf are extinct, various kinds of aman and aus paddy are nearly extinct.
Main fruits Jackfruit, papaya, mango, guava, banana, pineapple, date, palm, litchi. Fisheries, dairies, poultry Fishery 1, dairy 12, poultry 2856 and hatchery 1.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 135 km, semi pucca 6 km, mud road 500 km; waterways 23 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart. These means of transport are extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Ice factory 2.Cottage industries Goldsmith 10, blacksmith 25, potteries 15, tailoring 500, welding 05.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 32, fairs 12, noted of which are Kapasia, Dasyunarayanpur, Raithaut, Nayabazar, Raniganj bazar, Ghatkuri, Ukhadi, Adal and Dardaria.
Main exports Jute, sugarcane, spices, mustard seeds.
NGO activities Palli Mangal Kendra (Rural Welfare Centre), Grameen Samaj, ASA, DCI, TCI, Bridge, , Grameen Bank, Anvesa Foundation.
Health centre Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 3, family welfare centre 8, NGO run health centre 6.