Kashiani Upazila (Gopalganj district) with an area of 299.64 sq km is surrounded by Boalmari upazila on the north, Gopalganj upazila on the south, Muksudpur and Gopalganj Sadar upazilas on the east, Lohagara (Narail) and Alfadanga upazilas on the west.
Main rivers: Madhumati and Barasia.
Kashiani (Town) consists of one mouza. The area of the town is 1.62 sq km. It has a population of 4035; male 52.69%, female 47.31%; density of population is 2491 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 52%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration Kashiani thana, now an upazila, was established in 1936. It consists of 14 union parishads, 151 mouzas and 161 villages.
Historical events During the War of Liberation in 1971 direct encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held at Fukra, Bhatiapara and Rahuthar in which more than one hundred Pak soldiers were killed and so were 20 freedom fighters and 50 innocent villagers. The angry Pak soldiers burnt 31 households. Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1 (Bhatiapara).
Population 205596; male 50.09%, female 49.91%; Muslim 72.86%, Hindu 27%, Christian 0.05% and others 0.09%.
Religious institutions Mosque 287, temple 221, church 1, tomb 1.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 39.7%; male 45.9% and female 33.5%.
Educational institutions: college 4, high school 27, madrasa 10, government primary school 111, non-government primary school 45, satellite school 12. Noted educational institutions: Madanmohan High School (1902), Girish Chandra Pilot High School (1902), Government SK College (1942), Orakandi High School (1909).
Cultural organisations Club 27, public library 1, theatre group 2, cinema hall 1, literary society 2, playground 60, women's organisation 33.
Locally published newspaper Ramdia Barta. Main occupations Agriculture 46.7%, agricultural labourer 19.49%, wage labourer 1.67%, commerce 8.48%, service 13.79%, fishing 1.3%, transport 1.21 and others 7.36%.
Land use Total cultivable land 23470.66 hectares; fallow land 372.32 hectares; single crop 26.4%, double crop 65.2% and treble crop 8.4%; cultivable land under irrigation 35%.
Land control Among the peasants 33.8% are landless, 39% small, 23.5% intermediate and 3.7% rich.
Value of land Market value of land of the first grade is approximately Tk 3500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, garlic, onion, mustard, betel leaf, chilli. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sweet potato, kaun and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, black berry, papaya and coconut. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 63, dairy 2, hatchery 6, fishery 240, shrimp cultivation 8.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 29 km, semi pucca 13 km and mud road 216 km; embankment 15 km; waterways 27 nautical mile; railways 11 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct).
Manufactories Ice factory 5, saw mill 26, bakery 5.
Cottage industries Weaving 235, wood work 142, goldsmith 55, blacksmith 55, potteries 49, bamboo & cane work 162, ghani (oil grinding) 7, welding 10.
Mineral resources Peat coal. Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 30, fair 4.
Main exports Jute, fish, molasses, betel leaf.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC, ASA, Gramen Bank.
Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, satellite clinic 8.