Khagrachhari Sadar Upazila (Khagrachari district) with an area of 228.23 sq km, is surrounded by Panchari upazila on the north, Mahalchari upazila on the south, Dighinala and Langadu upazilas on the east, Matiranga upazila on the west. 

Main river is Chengi; noted hill Alutila. 

Khagrachhari (Town) was established in 1860 by Remrochai Chowdhury. Khagrachhari town consists of 9 wards and 61 mahallas. It has an area of 67.99 sq km. The town has a population of 39654; male 57.20% and female 42.80%; population density per sq km 583. Literacy rate among the town people is 50.3%. 

Administration Khagrachhari thana, now an upazila, was established in 1974. The upazila consists of one municipality, 9 wards, 61 mahallas, 9 union parishads, 36 mouzas and 77 villages. 

Historical events A group of armed cadre of the Shanti Bahini formally surrendered their arms at the Khagrachhari Stadium on 10th February 1998 and returned back to normal life after nearly two decades of insurgency. 

Religious institutions Mosque 30, temple 14, pagoda 35 and church 3, most noted of which are Yongdo Buddhist Vihara and Shiva Mandir.

Population 61306 (Bangali 21266 and Hill People 40040); male 54.02% and female 45.98%; Muslim 30.16%, Hindu 28.43%; Buddhist 40.64% and others 0.87%; ethnic nationals mainly Chakma, Marma and Tripura. 

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 33.7%; male 42.3%, female 23.2%. 

Educational institutions: college 1, high school 11, government primary school 51, technical training centre 1 and madrasa 12. 

Noted educational institutions: Khagrachhari North Khobongdia Government Primary School (1905), Khagrachhari Government College (1974) and Khagrachhari Government High School (1957). 

Cultural organisations Public library 1, club 38, theatre group 1, literary society 2, women's organisation 12, stadium 1, cinema hall 1 and tribal cultural institute 1. 

Main occupations Agriculture 34.69%, agricultural labourer 17.73%, wage labourer 25.74%, commerce 2.81%, service 5.84% and others 13.19%. 

Land use Total cultivable land 5320.11 hectares; single crop 54.15%, double crop 30.80% and treble crop land 15.05%. Cultivable land under irrigation 75%.

Land control Among the peasants 22% are landless, 26% small, 38% intermediate and 14% rich; cultivable land per head 0.08 hectare. 

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is approximately Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare. 

Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, nut and cotton. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local varity of paddy 

Main fruits Mango, black berry, jackfruit, pineapple, papaya, banana, litchi and sofeda. 

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 57, poultry 26. 

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 52 km, semi pucca 63 km and mud road 118 km. 

Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart, elephant cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Manufactories Ice factory 2, sawmill 8. Cottage industries Weaving, bamboo and cane work, wood work, blacksmith, tailoring. 

Hats, bazars and fairs Total Hats and bazars are 3, most noted of which is Khagrachhari Bazar; fairs: Shiva Mela, Buddhist Mela. 

Main exports Banana, pineapple, jackfruit, papaya, phul jharu (flower duster). 

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are Brac, IDF, Anando, Panjurico, Parbatto Buddhist Mission, Alo, Jabarang. 

Health centres Zila sadar hospital 1, health complex 5, and family planning centre 4.